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    Vase with 12 sunflowers, Van Gogh  
Still Life: Vase with Twelve Sunflowers Oil on canvas, 91.0 x 72.0 cm, Arles: August, 1888. In February 1888 van Gogh settled at Arles, where he painted more than 200 canvases in 15 months. During this time he sold no pictures, was in pove...
 
    IBM History  
Although IBM was incorporated in the state of New York on June 15, 1911 as the Computing- Tabulating- Recording Company (C-T-R), its origins can be traced back to developments at the close of the 19th century. For example, the first dial r...
 
    Friedmann, Expanding Universe Solution  
Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman or Friedmann was a Russian and Soviet cosmologist and mathematician. He discovered the expanding-universe solution to the general relativity field equations in 1922, which was corroborated by Edwin Hubble's...
 
    T.E. Lawrence, Lawrence of Arabia  
Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence, CB, DSO, known professionally as T.E. Lawrence and, later, T.E. Shaw, but most famously as "Lawrence of Arabia," gained international renown for his role as a British liaison officer during the Ara...
 
    José Raúl Capablanca, Cuban Chess Player  
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927. A chess prodigy, he is considered by many as one of the greatest players of all time, widely renowned for his exceptional endgame skill...
 
    Oskar Schlemmer, Master of Form  
Oskar Schlemmer was a German painter, sculptor, designer and choreographer associated with the Bauhaus school. In 1923 he was hired as Master of Form at the Bauhaus theatre workshop, after working some time at the workshop of sculpture. His...
 
    Lead Belly, Folk and Blues Musician  
Huddie William Ledbetter, was an American folk and blues musician, notable for his clear and forceful singing, his virtuosity on the twelve string guitar, and the rich songbook of folk standards he introduced. He is best known as Leadbel...
 
    Gerrit Rietveld, Designer/Architect  
In 1911, Rietveld started his own furniture factory, while studying architecture. Rietveld designed the 'Red and Blue Chair' in 1918, influenced by the 'De Stijl' movement, of which he became a member in 1919, the same year in which he beca...
 
    T. S. Eliot, British Poet  
Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM was a British essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and "one of the twentieth century's major poets". He moved from his native United States to England in 1914 at the age of 25, settling, work...
 
    Jean Monnet, Father of the EC  
Jean Monnet, called the Father of the European Community. A brief timeline summarises how and why the Jean Monnet Foundation for Europe was established in Lausanne in 1978. It was the outcome of the convergence of two paths, initiated by th...
 
    The Eiffel Tower, Paris  
The plan to build a tower 300 metres high was conceived as part of preparations for the World's Fair of 1889. Emile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin, the two chief engineers in Eiffel's company, had the idea for a very tall tower in June 1884....
 
    Li Dazhao, Co-founder Communist Party of China  
Li Dazhao was a Chinese intellectual who co-founded the Communist Party of China with Chen Duxiu and other early communists in 1921. Li was a nationalist and believed that the peasantry in China were to play an important role in China's...
 
    Karel Doorman, Dutch Admiral  
Karel Doorman was a Dutch Rear Admiral who commanded ABDACOM Naval forces, a hastily-organized multinational naval force formed to defend the East Indies against an overwhelming Imperial Japanese attack. Doorman was killed and the main body...
 
    Adolf Hitler, Der Führer  
Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated NSDAP), commonly known as the Nazi Party. He was Chancell...
 
    Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosopher of Logic  
Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language. From 1929–1947, Wittgenstein taught at the University...
 
       
 
         
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