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    Spanish Flu Pandemic, 1918  
The 1918 flu pandemic (commonly referred to as the Spanish flu) was an influenza pandemic that spread to nearly every part of the world. It was caused by an unusually virulent and deadly Influenza A virus strain of subtype H1N1. Historical...
 
    Richard Feynman, Physicist  
Richard Phillips Feynman was an American physicist known for the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum electrodynamics and the physics of the superfluidity of supercooled liquid helium, as well as work in par...
 
    Ceausescu, Romanian Dictator  
Nicolae Ceausescu was a Romanian communist politician. He was General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party from 1965 to 1989, and as such was the country's second and last Communist leader. He was also the country's head of state from...
 
    Leonard Bernstein, American Composer  
Leonard Bernstein was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist. He was among the first conductors born and educated in the US to receive worldwide acclaim. According to music critic Donal Henahan, he was "one of...
 
    Ingmar Bergman, Swedish Director  
Ernst Ingmar Bergman was a Swedish director, writer and producer for film, stage and television. His influential body of work dealt with bleakness and despair as well as comedy and hope. Described by Woody Allen as "probably the greatest fi...
 
    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian Writer  
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn was a Russian novelist, dramatist and historian. Through his writings, he made the world aware of the Gulag, the Soviet Union's labour camp system, and for these efforts Solzhenitsyn was exiled from the Sovi...
 
    Nelson Mandela, President of South Africa  
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was South Africa's first black chief executive, and the first elected in...
 
    James Lovelock, Gaia Hypothesis  
James Ephraim Lovelock is an independent scientist, environmentalist and futurist who lives in Dorset, England. He is best known for proposing the Gaia hypothesis, which postulates that the biosphere is a self-regulating entity with the cap...
 
    Third Anglo-Afghan War, Independence from the British  
The Third Anglo-Afghan War, also referred to as the Third Afghan War, began on 6 May 1919 and ended with an armistice on 8 August 1919, resulting in the Afghans winning independence from the British Empire. According to British author Micha...
 
    Irish War of Independence  
The Irish War of Independence (Irish: Cogadh na Saoirse), Anglo-Irish War, Black and Tan War, or Tan War was a guerrilla war mounted by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) against the British government and its forces in Ireland. It began in Ja...
 
    Turkish War of Independence, End Ottoman Empire  
The Turkish War of Independence was fought between the Turkish nationalists and the proxies of the Allies, namely Greece on the Western front and Armenia on the Eastern, after the country was occupied and partitioned following the Ottoman E...
 
    Bauhaus Manifesto  
In 1919, the Bauhaus manifesto proclaims that the ultimate aim of all creative activity is a building. This meant that students participated right from the start in building projects. During the directorship of Walter Gropius, the work was...
 
    Evita Peron, First Lady of Argentina  
María Eva Duarte de Perón was the wife of Argentine President Juan Perón (18951974) and First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952. She is usually referred to as Eva Perón or Evita. She was born in poverty in the rural vi...
 
    Jackie Robinson, Baseball Player  
Jack Roosevelt "Jackie" Robinson was an American baseball player who became the first black Major League Baseball (MLB) player of the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when he debuted with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947. As t...
 
    Hyman Minsky, American Economist  
Hyman Minsky was an American economist and professor of economics at Washington University in St. Louis. His research attempted to provide an understanding and explanation of the characteristics of financial crises. Minsky was sometimes des...
 
       
 
         
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