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    Mahatma Gandhi, Led India to Independence  
Gandhi became the international symbol of a free India. He lived a spiritual and ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and meditation. The Mahatma's political and spiritual hold on India was so great that the British authorities dared not interf...
 
    David Fairchild, Botanist and Plant Explorer  
David Grandison Fairchild was an American botanist and plant explorer. Fairchild was responsible for the introduction of more than 200,000 exotic plants and varieties of established crops into the United States, including soybeans, pistachi...
 
    Henri Matisse, French Artist, Painter  
Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Matisse is commonly regarde...
 
    Alice Hamilton  
Physician, reformer, founder of occupational medicine in the U.S. Alice Hamilton was the founder of occupational medicine in the U.S. and the first woman on the faculty of Harvard Medical School. She took a leading role in two major environ...
 
    20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, Verne  
This is Jules Verne at his best, creating the enigmatic character of Captain Nemo. The setting is the mid-nineteenth century. Deadly and mysterious calamities continue to befall ocean-going vessels, with wild reports by survivors that the c...
 
    Franco-Prussian War, Unification Germany  
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War (19 July 1870 10 May 1871) was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. Prussia was aided by the North German Confede...
 
    Rosa Luxemburg, Political Theorist  
Rosa Luxemburg was a Polish-born German Marxist political theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolutionary. She was a theorist of the Social Democratic Party of the Kingdom of Poland, later becoming involved in the German SPD, followed by...
 
    Lenin, Founder of the Soviet Republics  
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist. He served as the leader of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic from 1917, and then concurrently as Premier of the Soviet Union from...
 
    Maria Montessori, Educator, Physician  
In 1894 Maria Montessori became the first woman physician in Italy. Her interest in children and education led her to open a children's school in 1907 in the slums outside Rome. Montessori put into practice her theory that children have a n...
 
    Marcel Proust  
Marcel-Valentin-Louis-Eugène-Georges Proust was a French intellectual, novelist, essayist and critic, best known as the author of In Search of Lost Time (in French À la recherche du temps perdu, also translated previously as Remembrance of...
 
    Rutherford, Father of Nuclear Physics  
Ernest Rutherford was a New Zealand-born British physicist who came to be known as the father of nuclear physics. Encyclopædia Britannica considers him to be the greatest experimentalist since Michael Faraday (17911867). In early work,...
 
    Orville Wright, The Wright Brothers  
The Wright brothers, Orville (18711948) and Wilbur (18671912), were two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled...
 
    Yellowstone, First National Park in the World  
Yellowstone National Park is a national park located primarily in the U.S. state of Wyoming, although it also extends into Montana and Idaho. It was established by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March...
 
    Alexander Scriabin, Russian Composer  
Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin was a Russian composer and pianist. Scriabin, who was influenced early in his life by the works of Frédéric Chopin, composed works that are characterised by a highly tonal idiom (these works are associated wi...
 
    Roald Amundsen, 1st on the South Pole  
Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen was a Norwegian explorer of polar regions. He led the Antarctic expedition of 19101912 which was the first to reach the South Pole. They arrived at the South Pole on 14 December 1911, 35 days before Scott...
 
       
 
         
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