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    Spanish American wars of Independence  
The Spanish American wars of independence were the numerous wars against Spanish rule in Spanish America that took place during the early 19th century, after the French invasion of Spain during Europe's Napoleonic Wars. These conflicts star...
 
    Louis Napoleon Bonaparte III, 2nd French Empire  
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte was the first President of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon I. He was the first President of France to be elected by a...
 
    Andrew Johnson, 17th US President, 1865-1869  
Andrew Johnson, 17th President of the United States (1865-1869), gives truth to the saying that in America, anyone can grow up to become President. Born in a log cabin in North Carolina to nearly illiterate parents, Andrew Johnson did not m...
 
    Johann Benedict Listing, Mathematician  
Johann Benedict Listing was a German mathematician. J. B. Listing was born in Frankfurt and died in Göttingen. He first introduced the term "topology", in a famous article published in 1847, although he had used the term in correspondence s...
 
    Jefferson Davis, President Confederates  
Jefferson Finis Davis was an American military officer, statesman and leader of the Confederacy during the American Civil War, serving as the president of the Confederate States of America for its entire history, 1861 to 1865. After Davis w...
 
    Thomas Cook, Founder Travel Agency  
Thomas Cook of Melbourne, Derbyshire, England founded the travel agency that in 2007 became Thomas Cook Group. Cook's idea to offer excursions came to him while waiting for the stagecoach on the London Road at Kibworth. With the opening of...
 
    Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy  
Felix Mendelssohn has sometimes been called the "classical romantic." Born in 1809 in the first generation of romantic composers, Mendelssohn's music is the most conservative of the group. If Chopin and Schumann are the Shelly and Keats of...
 
    Edgar Allan Poe, American Author, Poet  
Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre. He is widely regarded as a central figure of Romanticism in the Unit...
 
    Louis Braille, Inventor of Braille - 1824  
Louis Braille was a French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for use by the blind or visually impaired. His system remains virtually unchanged to this day, and is known worldwide simply as braille. Blinded in both...
 
    Nikolai Gogol, Russian Writer  
Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol was a Ukrainian-born Russian dramatist, novelist and short story writer. Considered by his contemporaries one of the preeminent figures of the natural school of Russian literary realism, later critics have found in...
 
    Abraham Lincoln, 16th US President, 1861-1865  
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States (1861-1865), guided his country through the most devastating experience in its national history-the CIVIL WAR (1861-1865). He is considered by many historians to have been the greates...
 
    Kit Carson, Legendary American Frontiersman  
Kit Carson was an American frontiersman. He was a mountain man (fur trapper), wilderness guide, Indian agent, and U.S. Army officer. Carson became a frontier legend in his own lifetime via biographies and news articles. Exaggerated versions...
 
    Charles Darwin, Evolution Theory - 1859  
Charles Robert Darwin was an English naturalist who realised and presented compelling evidence that all species of life have evolved over time from common ancestors, through the process he called natural selection. The fact that evolution o...
 
    Baron Haussmann, Renovation of Paris  
Georges-Eugène Haussmann, commonly known as Baron Haussmann was the Prefect of the Seine Department in France, who was chosen by the Emperor Napoleon III to carry out a massive program of new boulevards, parks and public works in Paris, com...
 
    Alfred Tennyson, British Poet  
Alfred Tennyson was Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of the most popular British poets. Tennyson excelled at penning short lyrics, such as "Break, Break, Break", "The Charge...
 
       
 
         
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