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    Lucrezia Borgia  
Lucrezia Borgia was the daughter of Rodrigo Borgia, the powerful Renaissance Spaniard who would later become Pope Alexander VI and Vannozza dei Cattani. Lucrezia's family later came to epitomise the ruthless Machiavellian politics and sexual corrupti...
 
    Magellan, Circled the Globe - 1521  
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies that resulted in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano. He was born in a still disputed location in northern...
 
    Jean Fleury, French naval officer, privateer  
Jean Fleury (or Florin) (born ? - died 1527) was a French naval officer and privateer. He is best known for the capture of two out of the three Spanish galleons carrying the Aztec treasure from Mexico to Spain in 1522. This was one of the earliest re...
 
    Margaret of Austria  
Margaret of Austria was, by her two marriages, Princess of Asturias and Duchess of Savoy, and was appointed Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1507 to 1515 and again from 1519 to 1530. Margaret was born as the second child and only daughter of...
 
    Giulio Camillo, Theatre of Memory  
Giulio "Delminio" Camillo was an Italian philosopher. He is best known for his Theatre of Memory, described in his posthumously published work LíIdea del Theatro. Camillo notes that LíIdea del Theathro is concerned with Ďthe eternal aspect of all thi...
 
    Christian II of Denmark  
Christian II was a Danish monarch and King of Denmark, Norway (1513 Ė 1523) and Sweden (1520 Ė 1521), under the Kalmar Union. Christian was born the son of King Hans of Denmark and Christina of Saxony, at Nyborg Castle in 1481 and succeeded his fathe...
 
    Raphael, Italian Painter and Architect  
Raphael was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance. His work is admired for its clarity of form and ease of composition and for its visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human grandeur. Together with Michelangelo and Leonar...
 
    Henry III of Nassau-Breda  
Count Henry III of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz, Lord (from 1530 Baron) of Breda, Lord of the Lek, of Dietz, etc. was a count of the House of Nassau. He was the son of Count John V of Nassau-Dillenburg and Elisabeth of Hesse. His younger brother was Willi...
 
    Babur, Founder Mughal Dynasty India  
Babur was a Muslim conqueror from Central Asia who, following a series of setbacks, finally succeeded in laying the basis for the Mughal dynasty of India. He was a direct descendant of Timur through his father, and a descendant also of Genghis Khan t...
 
    Martin Luther, Initiator Protestant Reformation  
Martin Luther was a German priest and professor of theology who initiated the Protestant Reformation. Strongly disputing the claim that freedom from God's punishment of sin could be purchased with money, he confronted indulgence salesman Johann Tetz...
 
    Ulrich Zwingli, Reformer  
Ulrich Zwingli was a leader of the Swiss Reformation. While Germany struggled under the political and religious consequences of Luther's reform movement, the movement itself quickly spilled out of the German borders into neighboring Switzerland. At t...
 
    The Birth of Venus, Botticelli  
Painted for the villa of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici at Castello; Tempera on canvas, 172.5 x 278.5 cm; now in the Galleria degli Uffizi in Florence. Among the Florentine artists of the second half of the fifteenth century who strove for a sol...
 
    Verrazzano, Italian Explorer  
Giovanni da Verrazzano was an Italian explorer of North America, in the service of the French crown. He is renowned as the first European since the Norse expeditions to North America around AD 1000 to explore the Atlantic coast of North America betwe...
 
    Catherine of Aragon, Henry VIIIís 1st wife  
Catherine of Aragon was Queen of England from 1509 until 1533 as the first wife of King Henry VIII; she was previously Princess of Wales as the wife of Prince Arthur. The daughter of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon, Cat...
 
    Thomas Cromwell, Minister of Henry VIII  
Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, was an English statesman who served as chief minister of King Henry VIII of England from 1532 to 1540. Cromwell was one of the strongest advocates of the English Reformation. Cromwell helped engineer an annulmen...
 
       
 
         
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