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    James Joyce
  James Joyce
James Joyce is at once Dublin's most local and most international writer. In his novels the city gains a universal identity like Homer's Mediterranean or Biblical Jerusalem, transcendental, yet ruthlessly realistic. Today his name is forever linked w...
 
    Virginia Woolf
  Virginia Woolf
Virginia Woolf, British novelist, also distinguished feminist essayist, critic, and a central figure of the Bloomsbury group. During the inter-war period Woolf was at the center of literary Society. The Bloomsbury group was initially based at the...
 
    Hendrik Willem van Loon
  Hendrik Willem van Loon
Hendrik Willem van Loon, a Dutch-American author and illustrator, was the first winner of the Newbery Medal for The Story of Mankind. He was beloved by the public during his lifetime as an engaging, energetic interpreter of the arts and humanities. N...
 
    Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President
  Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President
Thirty-Second President USA, 1933-1945. Assuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt helped the American people regain faith in themselves. He brought hope as he promised prompt, vigorous action, and asserted in...
 
    Willem Elsschot, Flemish Writer
  Willem Elsschot, Flemish Writer
Willem Elsschot was a Flemish writer and poet (pseudonym of Alphonsus Josephus de Ridder). A few of his works have been translated into English. Elsschot published poems in a magazine titled "Alvoorder". His writing took off while he worked in Rotter...
 
    Edward Hopper
  Edward Hopper
Edward Hopper was an American painter whose highly individualistic works are landmarks of American realism. His paintings embody in art a particular American 20th-century sensibility that is characterized...
 
    Igor Stravinsky
  Igor Stravinsky
Igor Fedorovich Stravinsky was one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. The son of a famous bass singer at the Imperial Opera, Stravinsky showed little inclination to pursue a musical career until, while a law student, he began to study com...
 
    Thus Spake Zarathustra, Nietzsche
  Thus Spake Zarathustra, Nietzsche
A 19th-century literary masterpiece, tremendously influential in the arts and in philosophy, uses the Persian religious leader Zarathustra to voice the authorís views, including the introduction of the controversial doctrine of the Übermensch, or "su...
 
    Krakatoa Eruption, Indonesia
  Krakatoa Eruption, Indonesia
Krakatoa is a volcanic island in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. It has erupted repeatedly, massively and with disastrous consequences throughout recorded history. The best known eruption culminated in a series of massive expl...
 
    Franz Kafka
  Franz Kafka
Franz Kafka, b. Prague, Bohemia (then belonging to Austria), has come to be one of the most influential writers of this century. Virtually unknown during his lifetime, the works of Kafka have since been recognized as symbolizing modern man's anxiety-...
 
    Theo van Doesburg, Founder De Stijl
  Theo van Doesburg, Founder De Stijl
Theo van Doesburg was a Dutch artist, practicing in painting, writing, poetry and architecture. He is best known as the founder and leader of De Stijl. Although he considered himself to be a modern painter at that time, his early work is in line with...
 
    Faisal I of Iraq
  Faisal I of Iraq
Faisal bin al-Hussein bin Ali al-Hashemi, was for a short time King of Greater Syria in 1920 and King of Iraq from 23 August 1921 to 1933. He was a member of the Hashemite dynasty, a descendant of the tribe of Muhammad. Faisal encouraged overcoming c...
 
    Benito Mussolini
  Benito Mussolini
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini ruled Italy as a dictator from 1922 to 1943. He created a fascist state through the use of state terror and propaganda. Using his charisma, total control of the media and intimidation of political rivals, he disassemb...
 
    Anton Webern, Austrian Composer
  Anton Webern, Austrian Composer
Anton Webern was an Austrian composer and conductor. He was a member of the so called Second Viennese School. As a student and significant follower of Arnold Schoenberg, he became one of the best-known proponents of the twelve-tone technique; in addi...
 
    John Maynard Keynes, Economist
  John Maynard Keynes, Economist
John Maynard Keynes is doubtlessly one the most important figures in the entire history of economics. He revolutionized economics with his classic book, The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money (1936). This is generally regarded as proba...
 
         
         



 
 
         
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