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    James Joyce, Irish Novelist and Poet  
James Joyce was an Irish novelist and poet, considered to be one of the most influential writers in the modernist avant-garde of the early 20th century. Joyce is best known for Ulysses (1922), a landmark work in which the episodes of Homer'...
 
    Virginia Woolf, English Writer  
Adeline Virginia Woolf was an English writer who is considered one of the foremost modernists of the twentieth century and a pioneer in the use of stream of consciousness as a narrative device. Born in an affluent household in Kensington, L...
 
    Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President, 1933-1945  
Thirty-Second President USA, 1933-1945. Assuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt helped the American people regain faith in themselves. He brought hope as he promised prompt, vigorous action, and a...
 
    Willem Elsschot, Flemish Writer  
Willem Elsschot was a Flemish writer and poet (pseudonym of Alphonsus Josephus de Ridder). A few of his works have been translated into English. Elsschot published poems in a magazine titled "Alvoorder". His writing took off while he worked...
 
    Edward Hopper, American Realist Painter  
Edward Hopper was a prominent American realist painter and printmaker. While he was most popularly known for his oil paintings, he was equally proficient as a watercolorist and printmaker in etching. Both in his urban and rural scenes, his...
 
    Igor Stravinsky, Russian Composer  
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky was a Russian (and later, a naturalized French and American) composer, pianist and conductor. He is widely considered one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century. Stravinsky's compo...
 
    Thus Spake Zarathustra, Nietzsche  
A 19th-century literary masterpiece, tremendously influential in the arts and in philosophy, uses the Persian religious leader Zarathustra to voice the authorís views, including the introduction of the controversial doctrine of the Übermens...
 
    Krakatoa Eruption, Indonesia  
Krakatoa is a volcanic island in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. It has erupted repeatedly, massively and with disastrous consequences throughout recorded history. The best known eruption culminated in a series of ma...
 
    Franz Kafka, Bohemian Novelist  
Franz Kafka was a German-speaking Bohemian Jewish novelist and short story writer, widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature. His work, which fuses elements of realism and the fantastic, typically features isola...
 
    Theo van Doesburg, Founder De Stijl  
Theo van Doesburg was a Dutch artist, practicing in painting, writing, poetry and architecture. He is best known as the founder and leader of De Stijl. Although he considered himself to be a modern painter at that time, his early work is in...
 
    Faisal I of Iraq  
Faisal bin al-Hussein bin Ali al-Hashemi, was for a short time King of Greater Syria in 1920 and King of Iraq from 23 August 1921 to 1933. He was a member of the Hashemite dynasty, a descendant of the tribe of Muhammad. Faisal encouraged ov...
 
    Mussolini, Il Duce, Dictator of Italy  
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 until his ousting in 1943. He ruled constitutionally until 1925, when he droppe...
 
    Anton Webern, Austrian Composer  
Anton Webern was an Austrian composer and conductor. He was a member of the so called Second Viennese School. As a student and significant follower of Arnold Schoenberg, he became one of the best-known proponents of the twelve-tone techniqu...
 
    John Maynard Keynes, Economist  
John Maynard Keynes was a British economist whose ideas fundamentally changed the theory and practice of macroeconomics and the economic policies of governments. He built on and greatly refined earlier work on the causes of business cycles,...
 
    Walter Gropius, Founder of Bauhaus, 1919  
Walter Adolph Gropius was a German architect and founder of Bauhaus. He studied architecture in Munich and worked in the office of Peter Behrens in Berlin. In 1910 he formed a partnership with Adolf Meyer. The following year he designed the...
 
       
 
         
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