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    James Joyce, Irish Novelist and Poet   James Joyce, Irish Novelist and Poet
James Joyce was an Irish novelist and poet, considered to be one of the most influential writers in the modernist avant-garde of the early 20th century. Joyce is best known for Ulysses (1922), a landmark work in which the episodes of Homer's Odyssey...
 
    Virginia Woolf   Virginia Woolf
Virginia Woolf, British novelist, also distinguished feminist essayist, critic, and a central figure of the Bloomsbury group. During the inter-war period Woolf was at the center of literary Society. The Bloomsbury group was initially based at the...
 
    Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President   Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President
Thirty-Second President USA, 1933-1945. Assuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt helped the American people regain faith in themselves. He brought hope as he promised prompt, vigorous action, and asserted in...
 
    Willem Elsschot, Flemish Writer   Willem Elsschot, Flemish Writer
Willem Elsschot was a Flemish writer and poet (pseudonym of Alphonsus Josephus de Ridder). A few of his works have been translated into English. Elsschot published poems in a magazine titled "Alvoorder". His writing took off while he worked in Rotter...
 
    Edward Hopper, American Realist Painter   Edward Hopper, American Realist Painter
Edward Hopper was a prominent American realist painter and printmaker. While he was most popularly known for his oil paintings, he was equally proficient as a watercolorist and printmaker in etching. Both in his urban and rural scenes, his spare and...
 
    Igor Stravinsky, Russian Composer   Igor Stravinsky, Russian Composer
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky was a Russian (and later, a naturalized French and American) composer, pianist and conductor. He is widely considered one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century. Stravinsky's compositional c...
 
    Thus Spake Zarathustra, Nietzsche   Thus Spake Zarathustra, Nietzsche
A 19th-century literary masterpiece, tremendously influential in the arts and in philosophy, uses the Persian religious leader Zarathustra to voice the authorís views, including the introduction of the controversial doctrine of the Übermensch, or "su...
 
    Krakatoa Eruption, Indonesia   Krakatoa Eruption, Indonesia
Krakatoa is a volcanic island in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. It has erupted repeatedly, massively and with disastrous consequences throughout recorded history. The best known eruption culminated in a series of massive expl...
 
    Franz Kafka   Franz Kafka
Franz Kafka, b. Prague, Bohemia (then belonging to Austria), has come to be one of the most influential writers of this century. Virtually unknown during his lifetime, the works of Kafka have since been recognized as symbolizing modern man's anxiety-...
 
    Theo van Doesburg, Founder De Stijl   Theo van Doesburg, Founder De Stijl
Theo van Doesburg was a Dutch artist, practicing in painting, writing, poetry and architecture. He is best known as the founder and leader of De Stijl. Although he considered himself to be a modern painter at that time, his early work is in line with...
 
    Faisal I of Iraq   Faisal I of Iraq
Faisal bin al-Hussein bin Ali al-Hashemi, was for a short time King of Greater Syria in 1920 and King of Iraq from 23 August 1921 to 1933. He was a member of the Hashemite dynasty, a descendant of the tribe of Muhammad. Faisal encouraged overcoming c...
 
    Benito Mussolini   Benito Mussolini
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini ruled Italy as a dictator from 1922 to 1943. He created a fascist state through the use of state terror and propaganda. Using his charisma, total control of the media and intimidation of political rivals, he disassemb...
 
    Anton Webern, Austrian Composer   Anton Webern, Austrian Composer
Anton Webern was an Austrian composer and conductor. He was a member of the so called Second Viennese School. As a student and significant follower of Arnold Schoenberg, he became one of the best-known proponents of the twelve-tone technique; in addi...
 
    John Maynard Keynes, Economist   John Maynard Keynes, Economist
John Maynard Keynes is doubtlessly one the most important figures in the entire history of economics. He revolutionized economics with his classic book, The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money (1936). This is generally regarded as proba...
 
    Walter Gropius, Founder of Bauhaus, 1919   Walter Gropius, Founder of Bauhaus, 1919
Walter Adolph Gropius was a German architect and founder of Bauhaus. He studied architecture in Munich and worked in the office of Peter Behrens in Berlin. In 1910 he formed a partnership with Adolf Meyer. The following year he designed the spectacul...
 
       
         



 
 
         
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