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    Shell History  
In 1833 Marcus Samuel opened a small shop in London, selling sea shells to Victorian natural history enthusiasts. It soon became a thriving import–export business. On a visit to the Caspian Sea coast, Marcus’s son recognised a huge opportun...
 
    World Organization Scout Movement  
There are more than 28 million Scouts, young people and adults, male and female, in 216 countries and territories. Some 300 million people have been Scouts, including prominent people in every field. This is impressive considering that S...
 
    The Peace Palace, The Hague  
The wealthiest man on earth at the time was Andrew Carnegie. The Scottish-American industrialist had lately begun to donate his capital to good causes and was also being slowly involved in the world peace movement. He was asked in 1902 to c...
 
    Rachel Carson, American Conservationist  
Rachel Louise Carson was an American marine biologist and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement. Carson began her career as an aquatic biologist in the U...
 
    Charles Eames, Designer  
Charles Eames is one of the most important designers of the 20th century. His colleagues were Harry Bertoia, Eero Saarinen, Florence Knoll and Ray Kaiser whom he married in 1941. The Eames collaborated with Saarinen on a molded-plywood chai...
 
    Hergé, Creating The Adventures of Tintin  
Georges Prosper Remi, known by the pen name Hergé, was a Belgian cartoonist. He is best known for creating The Adventures of Tintin, the series of comic albums which are considered one of the most popular European comics of the 20th century...
 
    Oscar Niemeyer, Brazilian Architect  
Oscar Niemeyer, known as Master Niemeyer, was a Brazilian architect who is considered one of the key figures in the development of modern architecture. Niemeyer was best known for his design of civic buildings for Brasília, a planned city w...
 
    Mill in Sunlight, Mondrian  
1908, Oil on canvas, 114 x 87 cm, Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague. Until 1908 Mondrian’s work was naturalistic - incorporating successive influences of academic landscape and still-life painting, Dutch Impressionism, and Symbolism. Mondrian...
 
    Tunguska Explosion, Russia  
The Tunguska event, or Tunguska explosion, was a powerful explosion that occurred not far from the Podkamennaya (Lower Stony) Tunguska River in what is now Krasnoyarsk Krai in Russia, at 00:13:35 Greenwich Mean Time (around 07:14 local time...
 
    Claude Lévi-Strauss, Anthropologist  
Claude Lévi-Strauss is a French anthropologist who developed structuralism as a method of understanding human society and culture. Outside anthropology, his works have had a large influence on contemporary thought, in particular on the prac...
 
    McCarthy, Anti-communist Pursuits  
Joseph Raymond McCarthy was a Republican U.S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin between 1947 and 1957. Beginning in 1950, McCarthy became the most visible public face of a period of extreme anti-communist suspicion inspired by the tension...
 
    Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th US President, 1963-1969  
Lyndon B. Johnson. Thirty-Sixth President 1963-1969. "A Great Society" for the American people and their fellow men elsewhere was the vision of Lyndon B. Johnson. In his first years of office he obtained passage of one of the most extensive...
 
    Simone de Beauvoir, French Philosopher and Feminist  
Simone de Beauvoir was a French writer, intellectual, existentialist philosopher, political activist, feminist and social theorist. Though she did not consider herself a philosopher, she had a significant influence on both feminist existent...
 
    Olivier Messiaen, French Composer  
Olivier Messiaen was a French composer, organist and ornithologist, widely regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century. His music is rhythmically complex (he was interested in rhythms from ancient Greek and from Hindu sources...
 
    Henri Cartier-Bresson, Photographer  
Regarded as one of the greatest photographers of his time, Henri Cartier-Bresson was a shy Frenchman who elevated "snap shooting" to the level of a refined and disciplined art. His sharp-shooter’s ability to catch "the decisive moment," his...
 
       
 
         
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