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    Chinese Revolution, 1911  
Series of great political upheavals in China between 1911 and 1949 which eventually led to Communist Party rule and the establishment of the People’s Republic of China. In 1912 a nationalist revolt overthrew the imperial Manchu dynasty. Und...
 
    Robert Scott, Journey to the South Pole  
Sir Robert Falson Scott's last journey to Antarctica, and his race for the South Pole. On November 1st 1911, twelve men, each with a pony and sledge, left Cape Evans in detachments. This included the final party of five that would push o...
 
    Lucille Ball, American Actor and Producer  
Lucille Désirée Ball Morton was an American actress, comedian, model, film-studio executive, and producer. She was best known as the star of the self-produced sitcoms I Love Lucy, The Lucy–Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show, and Here's Lucy....
 
    Mikhail Botvinnik, Russian Chess Player  
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963. Working as an electrical engineer and computer scientist at the same time, he was one of the very few profes...
 
    Ronald Reagan, 40th US President, 1981–1989  
Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American actor and politician. He was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989), and served as the 33rd Governor of California (1967–75) prior to his presidency. As president, Reagan implemented swee...
 
    RMS Titanic Sinks  
RMS Titanic was the second of a trio of superliners intended to dominate the transatlantic travel business. Owned by the White Star Line and built at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland, the Titanic was the largest passenger...
 
    Alan Turing, Father of Modern Computing  
Alan Turing was a mathematician who in 1937 suggested a theoretical machine, since called a Turing Machine, that became the basis of modern computing. In 1950 he suggested what has become known as a "Turing's test," still the criterion for...
 
    Wernher Von Braun, Inventor of the Rocket  
Wernher von Braun was a German, later American, aerospace engineer, and space architect. He was the leading figure in the development of rocket technology in Germany and the father of rocket technology and space science in the United States...
 
    Lawrence Durrell  
Lawrence Durrell was born in India in 1912. His books include The Alexandria Quartet, Bitter Lemons, Reflections on a Marine Venus and The Dark Labyrinth. He died in France in 1990....
 
    John Cage, American Composer  
John Milton Cage was an American experimental music composer, writer and visual artist. He is most widely known for his 1952 composition 4'33", whose three movements are performed without playing a single note. Cage was an early composer of...
 
    John Frost, Battle of Arnhem  
Major General John Dutton was a British airborne officer best known for being the leader of the small group of airborne forces that actually got to Arnhem bridge during the Battle of Arnhem. He was one of the first to join the newly formed...
 
    Kim Il-sung, Leader of North Korea  
Kim Il-sung was the leader of North Korea from its founding in 1948 until his death, when he was succeeded by his son Kim Jong-il. He held the posts of Prime Minister from 1948 to 1972 and President from 1972 to his death, in addition to Ge...
 
    Milton Friedman, Economist  
Milton Friedman is the twentieth century's most prominent economist advocate of free markets. He was born in 1912 to Jewish immigrants in New York City. He attended Rutgers University, where he received his B.A. at the age of twenty, then w...
 
    Robert Capa, Founder Magnum Photos  
On December 3, 1938, Picture Post introduced "The Greatest War Photographer in the World: Robert Capa" with a spread of 26 photographs taken during the Spanish Civil War at the battle of Ebro. The "greatest war photographer" hated war. H...
 
    Jesse Owens, American Athlete  
Jesse Owens was an African American track-and-field star famous for his performance at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin. Before the eyes of the Nazi leadership, who had hoped to use the games as a source of propaganda for Aryan nationalism,...
 
       
 
         
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