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    Pope Julius II, Commissioned Michelangelo  
Pope Julius II, nicknamed "The Fearsome Pope" and "The Warrior Pope". During his nine-year pontificate his military and diplomatic interventions averted a take-over by France of the Italian States (including the Papal States). He also p...
 
    Sandro Botticelli, Italian Painter of the Early Renaissance  
Sandro Botticelli was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance. He belonged to the Florentine School under the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici, a movement that Giorgio Vasari would characterize less than a hundred years later in his Vita...
 
    Lorenzo de' Medici, The Magnificent  
Lorenzo de' Medici was an Italian statesman and de facto ruler of the Florentine Republic during the Italian Renaissance. Known as Lorenzo the Magnificent (Lorenzo il Magnifico) by contemporary Florentines, he was a magnate, diplomat, polit...
 
    Ghirlandaio, Florentine Painter  
Ghirlandaio (original name Domenico di Tommaso Bigordi) was an early Renaissance painter of the Florentine school noted for his detailed narrative frescoes, which include many portraits of leading citizens in contemporary dress....
 
    Aldus Manutius, Founder Aldine Press  
Aldus Pius Manutius, the Latinised name of Aldo Manuzio —sometimes called Aldus Manutius, the Elder to distinguish him from his grandson, Aldus Manutius, the Younger—was an Italian humanist who became a printer and publisher when he founded...
 
    Josquin des Prez, Composer  
Josquin des Prez was a Franco-Flemish composer of the Renaissance. He is also known as Josquin Desprez, a French rendering of Dutch "Josken Van De Velde", diminutive of "Joseph Van De Velde", and Latinized as Josquinus Pratensis, alternativ...
 
    Ludovico Sforza, Patron of Leonardo da Vinci  
Ludovico Sforza was Duke of Milan from 1489 until his death. A member of the Sforza family, he was the fourth son of Francesco Sforza. He was famed as a patron of Leonardo da Vinci and other artists, and presided over the final and most pro...
 
    Leonardo da Vinci, Renaissance Man  
Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian Renaissance polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. His genius, perhaps more than that of any other figu...
 
    Hieronymus Bosch, Dutch Painter  
Hieronymus Bosch was an Early Netherlandish painter. His work is known for its use of fantastic imagery to illustrate moral and religious concepts and narratives. Bosch's thematology does not differ much from that of his contemporary art...
 
    Gutenberg Bible, First Real Printed Book  
In the mid-15th century Johann Gutenberg invented a mechanical way of making books. This was the first example of mass production. He was born about 1400, the son of a rich family in Mainz, Germany. While still a young man, he left for poli...
 
    Jacob van Oostsanen, Dutch Painter  
Jacob Cornelisz van Oostsanen was a Northern Netherlandish designer of woodcuts and painter. He was one of the first important artists working in Amsterdam, at a time when it was a flourishing provincial town. In his earlier years Jacob...
 
    Albrecht Durer, German painter  
Albrecht Dürer was a German painter, engraver, printmaker, mathematician, and theorist from Nuremberg. His high-quality woodcuts established his reputation and influence across Europe when he was still in his twenties, and he has been conve...
 
    Lucas Cranach the Elder, German Painter  
Lucas Cranach the Elder was a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving. He was court painter to the Electors of Saxony for most of his career, and is known for his portraits, both of German princes and those of the...
 
    Isabella d'Este, Marchesa of Mantua  
Isabella d'Este was marchesa of Mantua and one of the leading women of the Italian Renaissance and a major cultural and political figure. Isabella d'Este was well-educated in her youth in Ferrara, as her voluminous correspondence reveals. T...
 
    Michelangelo, One of the Greatest Artists of all time  
Michelangelo Buonarroti was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art. Despite making few forays beyond the arts, his versatil...
 
       
 
         
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