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Inventors

 
         
         
             
    Humphry Davy, Chemist
  Humphry Davy, Chemist
Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet FRS MRIA was a British chemist and inventor. He is probably best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkali and alkaline earth metals, as well as contributions to the discoveries of the elemental nature of c...
 
    Louis Daguerre, Daguerreotype - 1839
  Louis Daguerre, Daguerreotype - 1839
Louis Daguerre was a doctor, a painter and a theatrical set designer, but he is best remembered as one of the inventors of photography. Both he and Nicéphore Niepce began their initial experiments separately, but in 1829, they teamed up. Niepce died...
 
    Robert Stirling, Inventor Stirling Engine
  Robert Stirling, Inventor Stirling Engine
The Reverend Dr Robert Stirling was a Scottish clergyman, and inventor of the stirling engine. He invented what he called the Heat Economiser (now generally known as the regenerator), a device for improving the thermal/fuel efficiency of a variety of...
 
    Charles Babbage, Invention Computer
  Charles Babbage, Invention Computer
Charles Babbage was an English mathematician, analytical philosopher, mechanical engineer and (proto-) computer scientist who originated the idea of a programmable computer. Parts of his uncompleted mechanisms are on display in the London Science Mus...
 
    Morse, Inventor Morse Code - 1836
  Morse, Inventor Morse Code - 1836
Samuel Finley Breese Morse was an American painter of portraits and historic scenes, the creator of a single wire telegraph system, and co-inventor, with Alfred Vail, of the Morse Code....
 
    Goodyear, Vulcanization Rubber - 1839
  Goodyear, Vulcanization Rubber - 1839
Charles Goodyear was the inventor of vulcanization, a process that makes rubber harder, less soluble, and more durable. It is at the heart of rubber compounding, which played a key role at the onset of the Industrial Revolution. Goodyear obtained a p...
 
    Liebig, Father of Fertilizer
  Liebig, Father of Fertilizer
Justus Freiherr von Liebig was a German chemist who made major contributions to agricultural and biological chemistry, and worked on the organization of organic chemistry. As a professor, he devised the modern laboratory-oriented teaching method, and...
 
    Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Engineer
  Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Engineer
Isambard Kingdom Brunel was a leading British civil engineer, famed for his bridges and dockyards, and especially for the construction of the first major British railway, the Great Western Railway; a series of famous steamships, including the first p...
 
    Louis Braille, Inventor of Braille - 1821
  Louis Braille, Inventor of Braille - 1821
Louis Braille was the inventor of braille, a world-wide system used by blind and visually impaired people for reading and writing. Braille is read by passing one's fingers over characters made up of an arrangement of one to six embossed points. It ha...
 
    William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong
  William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong
William George Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong CB, FRS was an effective Tyneside industrialist who founded the Armstrong Whitworth manufacturing empire. Armstrong was responsible for developing the hydraulic accumulator. Where water pressure was no...
 
    Henry Bessemer, Creating Steel
  Henry Bessemer, Creating Steel
Sir Henry Bessemer was an English engineer, inventor, and businessman. Bessemer's name is chiefly known in connection with the Bessemer process for the manufacture of steel. Bessemer worked on the problem of manufacturing cheap steel for the purposes...
 
    Sax, Inventing the Saxophone, 1842
  Sax, Inventing the Saxophone, 1842
Antoine-Joseph (known as Adolphe) Sax was a Belgian musical instrument designer, best known for inventing the saxophone. Having left school, Sax began to experiment with new instrument designs. In 1841, Sax relocated permanently to Paris and began wo...
 
    Werner von Siemens
  Werner von Siemens
Ernst Werner von Siemens was a German inventor and industrialist. He is world known for his advances in various technologies, and chose to work on perfecting technologies that have already been established. Siemens invented a telegraph that used a ne...
 
    Léon Foucault, Inventor
  Léon Foucault, Inventor
Léon Foucault was a French physicist best known for the invention of the Foucault pendulum, a device demonstrating the effect of the Earth's rotation. He also made an early measurement of the speed of light, invented the gyroscope, and discovered edd...
 
    Lenoir, Internal Combustion Engine - 1859
  Lenoir, Internal Combustion Engine - 1859
Jean Joseph Étienne Lenoir was a Belgian engineer who developed the internal combustion engine in 1859. Prior designs for such engines were patented as early as 1807, but none were commercially successful. Lenoir's engine was commercialized in suffic...
 
 

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