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    Peter Minuit, Purchased Manhattan for $24   Peter Minuit, Purchased Manhattan for $24
Peter Minuit, Pierre Minuit or Peter Minnewit was a Walloon from Wesel, in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, then part of the Duchy of Clèves. He was the Director-General of the Dutch colony of New Netherland from 1626 until 1633, and he f...
 
    Jan van Helmont, Discovery CO2   Jan van Helmont, Discovery CO2
Jan Baptist van Helmont was an early modern period Flemish chemist, physiologist, and physician. He worked during the years just after Paracelsus and iatrochemistry, and is sometimes considered to be "the founder of pneumatic chemistry". Van Helmont...
 
    Guy Fawkes, the Gunpowder Plot - 1605   Guy Fawkes, the Gunpowder Plot - 1605
Bonfire Night, also known as Guy Fawkes, Guy Fawkes Night or Fireworks Night, is a celebration (but not a public holiday) which takes place on the evening of the 5th of November every year in the United Kingdom (and New Zealand). It celebrates the fa...
 
    Hudson, Found New York - 1609   Hudson, Found New York - 1609
Henry Hudson was an English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century. Hudson made two attempts on behalf of English merchants to find a prospective Northeast Passage to Cathay (today's China) via a route above the Arctic Circle. Hudson ex...
 
    William Adams, First Englishman in Japan   William Adams, First Englishman in Japan
William Adams, known in Japanese as Anjin Miura: "the pilot of Miura", was an English navigator who travelled to Japan and is believed to be the first Englishman ever to reach that country. He was the inspiration for the character of John Blackthorne...
 
    Elizabeth I, Queen of England   Elizabeth I, Queen of England
Elizabeth I was born in 1533 to Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Although she entertained many marriage proposals and flirted incessantly, she never married or had children. Elizabeth, the last of the Tudors, died at seventy years of age after a very succ...
 
    Yermak Timofeyevich, Conquest of Siberia   Yermak Timofeyevich, Conquest of Siberia
Yermak Timofeyevich, born between 1532 and 1542 - 1584) was a Cossack who led the Russian conquest of Siberia in the reign of Ivan the Terrible. Russiaís fur interests fueled their desire to expand east into Siberia. The tsarís ultimate goal was t...
 
    Ivan the Terrible, The First Tsar   Ivan the Terrible, The First Tsar
Ivan IV Vasilyevich, commonly known as Ivan the Terrible, was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547 and Tsar of All the Russias from 1547 until his death. His long reign saw the conquest of the Khanates of Kazan, Astrakhan, and Siberia, transf...
 
    Atahualpa, Incan Emperor   Atahualpa, Incan Emperor
Atahualpa, last independent Incan emperor, favorite son of Huayna Capac. At his father's death (1525) he received the kingdom of Quito while his half brother, the legitimate heir Huáscar, inherited the rest of the Inca empire. Shortly before the arri...
 
    Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor   Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V was Holy Roman Emperor from 1519-1558; he was also King of Spain from 1516-1556, officially as Charles I of Spain, although often referred to as Charles V ("Carlos Quinto" or "Carlos V") in Spain and Latin America. He was the son of Philip...
 
    Magellan, Circled the Globe - 1521   Magellan, Circled the Globe - 1521
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese sea explorer who sailed for both Portugal and Spain. He was the first to sail from Europe westwards to Asia, the first European to sail the Pacific Ocean, and the first to lead an expedition for the purpose of circ...
 
    Balboa, Reaches Pacific Ocean - 1513   Balboa, Reaches Pacific Ocean - 1513
Vasco Núñez de Balboa was a Spanish conquistador who founded the colony of Darién in Panama, the oldest extant European settlement in the mainland of the Americas. He crossed the Isthmus in search of gold, reaching the Pacific Ocean after a 25-day ex...
 
    Pizarro, Conqueror Inca Empire - 1531   Pizarro, Conqueror Inca Empire - 1531
Francisco Pizarro was a Conquistador who seized the Inca empire for Spain. In 1510 he enrolled in an expedition of exploration in the New World, and three years later he joined Vasco Núñez de Balboa on the expedition that discovered the Pacific. He m...
 
    Mehmed II, The Conqueror   Mehmed II, The Conqueror
Mehmed II (1432-1481), nicknamed the conqueror, was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire a short time in 1444 to 1446, and from 1451 to 1481. Mehmed II brought an end to the Byzantine Empire by capturing Constantinople in 1453 (during the well-known Sieg...
 
    Jeanne d'Arc ( Joan of Arc )   Jeanne d'Arc ( Joan of Arc )
Joan of Arc, in French, Jeanne d'Arc, also called the Maid of Orleans, a patron saint of France and a national heroine, led the resistance to the English invasion of France in the Hundred Years War. When Joan was about 12 years old, she began hearing...
 
     

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