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Middle East

 
         
         
             
    Göbekli Tepe, Turkey   Göbekli Tepe, Turkey
Göbekli Tepe (Turkish: Potbelly Hill) is a Neolithic hilltop sanctuary erected at the top of a mountain ridge in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey, some 15 kilometers (9 mi) northeast of the town of Sanliurfa (formerly Urfa / Edessa). It is...
 
    Cuneiform Script   Cuneiform Script
Cuneiform script is the earliest known writing system in the world. Cuneiform writing emerged in the Sumerian civilization of southern Iraq around the 34th century BC during the middle Uruk period, beginning as a pictographic system of writing. Cun...
 
    Pharaoh Djoser, Build 1st pyramid   Pharaoh Djoser, Build 1st pyramid
Netjerikhet or Djoser is the best-known pharaoh of the Third dynasty of Egypt. He commissioned his official, Imhotep (ca. 2650-2600 BC), to build the first of the pyramids, a step pyramid for him at Saqqara. Though there is significant controversy ab...
 
    Gilgamesh, Sumerian King   Gilgamesh, Sumerian King
Gilgamesh was the fifth king of Uruk, modern day Iraq (Early Dynastic II, first dynasty of Uruk), placing his reign ca. 2500 BC. According to the Sumerian King List he reigned for 126 years. In the Tummal Inscription, Gilgamesh, and his son Urlugal,...
 
    The Epic of Gilgamesh   The Epic of Gilgamesh
Gilgamesh is one of the oldest recorded stories in the world. It tells the story of an ancient King of Uruk, Gilgamesh, who may have actually existed, and whose name is on the Sumerian King List. The story of Gilgamesh, in various Sumerian version...
 
    Sargon of Akkad, Akkadian Emperor   Sargon of Akkad, Akkadian Emperor
Sargon of Akkad, also known as Sargon the Great "the Great King" was a Semitic Akkadian emperor famous for his conquest of the Sumerian city-states in the 23rd and 22nd centuries BC. The founder of the Dynasty of Akkad, Sargon reigned during the last...
 
    Enheduanna, Sumerian Poet/Priestess   Enheduanna, Sumerian Poet/Priestess
Enheduanna was a Sumerian/Akkadian high priestess of the moon god Nanna in Ur, who came to honor Inanna above all the other gods of the Sumerian pantheon. A single tablet records her as the "daughter of Sargon of Akkad" a relationship that has been t...
 
    Mentuhotep II, 1st Ruler Middle Kingdom   Mentuhotep II, 1st Ruler Middle Kingdom
Mentuhotep II, First Ruler of the Middle Kingdom. His throne name was most certainly Neb-hetep-re, meaning "Pleased is the Lord Re", though we also find it spelled Nebhepetra. But this is not his common, or birth name, and here we run into problems....
 
    The Phoenician Alphabet   The Phoenician Alphabet
According to the Egyptians language is attributed to Taautos who was the father of tautology or imitation. He invented the first written characters two thousand years BC or earlier. Taautos came from Byblos, Phoenicia, that shows a continuous cultura...
 
    Hittite Empire, Turkey   Hittite Empire, Turkey
The Hittites were a people who spoke an Indo-European language that had settled in modern Turkey during the second millenium B.C. They ruled the "Land of Hatti", in Anatolia and later extended their empire through Conquests. The Hittites ruled the...
 
    The Holy Bible   The Holy Bible
The Bible, sometimes called the Holy Bible, can refer to one of two closely related religious texts central to Judaism and Christianity—the Hebrew or Christian sacred Scriptures respectively. Modern day Judaism recognizes a single set of canonical...
 
    Nefertiti, Queen of Egypt   Nefertiti, Queen of Egypt
Queen Nefertiti is perhaps better known than her husband, the heretic king Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV). It is said that even in the ancient world, her beauty was famous, and her famous statue, found in a sculptor's workshop, is not only one of the most...
 
    Moses, Ten Commandments   Moses, Ten Commandments
Moses was, according to the Hebrew Bible, a religious leader, lawgiver, and prophet, to whom the authorship of the Torah is traditionally attributed. Also called Moshe Rabbenu in Hebrew "Moses our Teacher/Rabbi", is the most important prophet in Juda...
 
    Tutankhamun, Pharaoh   Tutankhamun, Pharaoh
Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty (ruled 1333 BC – 1324 BC in the conventional chronology), during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom. His original name, Tutankhaten, means "Living Image of Aten", while Tuta...
 
    Ramses II, Ramesses The Great   Ramses II, Ramesses The Great
Ramesses II was an Egyptian pharaoh of the nineteenth dynasty. At age fourteen, Ramses II was appointed Prince Regent by his father. He is believed to have taken the throne in his early 20s and to have ruled Egypt from 1279 BC to 1213 BC for a total...
 
     

Middle East

 
         



 
 
         
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