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    Neanderthals, Subspecies of Homo Sapiens  
Neanderthals were archaic humans that became extinct about 40,000 years ago. They seem to have appeared in Europe and later expanded into Southwest, Central and Northern Asia. There, they left hundreds of stone tool assemblages. Almost all...
 
    Cabeza de Vaca, Spanish Explorer  
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca was a Spanish explorer of the New World, one of four survivors of the Narváez expedition. He is remembered as a proto-anthropologist for his detailed accounts of the many tribes of Native Americans, first publishe...
 
    De Soto, Discovered the Mississippi River  
Hernando de Soto was a Spanish explorer and conquistador who, while leading the first European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States, was the first European documented to have crossed the Mississippi River. D...
 
    Bernardino de Sahagún, Missionary  
Bernardino de Sahagún was a Franciscan friar, missionary priest and pioneering ethnographer who participated in the Catholic evangelization of colonial New Spain (now Mexico). Born in Sahagún, Spain, in 1499, he journeyed to New Spain in 15...
 
    Wilhelm Grimm, Grimm's Fairy Tales  
Wilhelm Carl Grimm was a German author and anthropologist, and the younger brother of Jakob Grimm, of the library duo the Brothers Grimm. Wilhelm's character was a complete contrast to that of his brother. As a boy, he was strong and hea...
 
    Sir Francis Galton, Pioneer in Eugenics  
Sir Francis Galton, half-cousin of Charles Darwin, was an English Victorian polymath, anthropologist, eugenicist, tropical explorer, geographer, inventor, meteorologist, proto-geneticist, psychometrician, and statistician. He was knighted i...
 
    Paul du Chaillu, Anthropologist  
Paul Belloni du Chaillu was a French-American traveler and anthropologist. He became famous in the 1860s as the first modern outsider to confirm the existence of gorillas, and later the Pygmy people of central Africa. He later researched th...
 
    Anténor Firmin, Haitian Anthropologist  
Anténor Firmin was a Haitian anthropologist, journalist, and politician. Firmin is best known for his book De l'Égalité des Races Humaines (English: On the Equality of Human Races), which was published as a rebuttal to French writer Count A...
 
    Milman Parry, Revolutionized the Homeric Studies  
Milman Parry was a scholar of epic poetry and the founder of the discipline of oral tradition. He studied at the University of California, Berkeley (B.A. and M.A.) and at the Sorbonne (Ph.D.). A student of the linguist Antoine Meillet at...
 
    Claude Lévi-Strauss, Anthropologist  
Claude Lévi-Strauss is a French anthropologist who developed structuralism as a method of understanding human society and culture. Outside anthropology, his works have had a large influence on contemporary thought, in particular on the prac...
 
       
 
         
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