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1st Millennium BC

 
         
         
             
    IRON AGE : Start of the Trojan War   IRON AGE : Start of the Trojan War
The Iron Age is the period generally occurring after the Bronze Age, marked by the prevalent use of iron. The early period of the age is characterized by the widespread use of iron or steel. The adoption of these materials coincided with other cha...
 
    Psusennes I, Pharao   Psusennes I, Pharao
Psusennes I, or Psibkhanno or Hor-Pasebakhaenniut I was the third king of the Twenty-first dynasty of Egypt who ruled between 1047 – 1001 BC. Psusennes is the Greek version of his original name Pasebakhaemniut, which means "The Star Appearing in the...
 
    David, 2nd King of Israel   David, 2nd King of Israel
David was the second king of the united Kingdom of Israel according to the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. He is depicted as a righteous king, although not without fault, as well as an acclaimed warrior, musician and poet (he is traditionally credited wi...
 
    Queen of Sheba, Makeda   Queen of Sheba, Makeda
Legends of the Queen of Sheba are common throughout Arabia, Persia, Ethiopia and Israel. In Arabian tradition, Balkis ruled with the heart of a woman but the head and hands of a man. Islamic stories portray Solomon as marrying the Queen. In contrast...
 
    Solomon, 3rd King of Israel   Solomon, 3rd King of Israel
Solomon (Reign: 971 - 931 BCE, Born: unknown, Died: c.931 BCE) is described in the Hebrew Bible and later in the Qur'an, where he is described as a Prophet. The biblical accounts identify Solomon as the son of David. He is also called Jedidiah in the...
 
    Jerusalem, Capital of Israel   Jerusalem, Capital of Israel
Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and its largest city in both population and area, with a population of 763,800 residents. The city has a history that goes back to the 4th millennium BCE, making it one of the oldest cities in the world. Jerusalem i...
 
    Duke of Zhou, Writer I Ching   Duke of Zhou, Writer I Ching
The Duke of Zhou was a member of the Zhou Dynasty who played a major role in consolidating the kingdom established by his elder brother King Wu. He was renowned in Chinese history for acting as a capable and loyal regent for his young nephew King Che...
 
    The Torah, The First Five Books of the Bible   The Torah, The First Five Books of the Bible
The Torah is the Hebrew name for the five books of Moses—the Law of Moses or the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Bible. The Torah is believed by Orthodox Jews to have been handed down to Moses on Mt. Sinai and transmitted by him to the Jews....
 
    Homer, Greek Poet   Homer, Greek Poet
No one is exactly sure who Homer was.  Theories abound, and some even think he never existed.  Regardless, he is traditionally recognized as the original creator of two epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey.  Living sometime in the second half of the...
 
    Ramayana, Sanskrit Epic   Ramayana, Sanskrit Epic
The Ramayana is an ancient Sanskrit epic. It is ascribed to the Hindu sage Valmiki and forms an important part of the Hindu canon. The Ramayana is one of the two great epics of India and Nepal, the other being the Mahabharata. It depicts the duties o...
 
    Mahabharata, Sanskrit Epic   Mahabharata, Sanskrit Epic
The Mahabharata is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana. The epic is part of itihasa. Besides its epic narrative of the Kurukshetra War and the fates of the Kauravas and the Pandavas, the Mahabharata cont...
 
    First Olympic Games   First Olympic Games
According to historical records, the first ancient Olympic Games can be traced back to 776 BC. They were dedicated to the Olympian gods and were staged on the ancient plains of Olympia. They continued for nearly 12 centuries, until Emperor Theodosius...
 
    Rome, The Eternal City   Rome, The Eternal City
Rome's history spans more than two and a half thousand years, since its legendary founding in 753 BC. Rome is one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe. It is referred to as "The Eternal City" (Latin: Roma Aeterna), a central notion in...
 
    Hesiod, Greek Poet   Hesiod, Greek Poet
Hesiod was a Greek oral poet and is often identified as the first economist. His date is uncertain but leading scholars, favor the the eighth century BC for when Hesiod lived. Since at least Herodotus's time, Hesiod and Homer have generally been cons...
 
    Ashurbanipal, King of Assyria   Ashurbanipal, King of Assyria
Ashurbanipal, Assurbanipal or Sardanapal, (reigned 669-627 BC), was the last great king of ancient Assyria. He is famous as one of the few kings in antiquity who could himself read and write. Assyrian sculpture reached its apogee under his rule. The...
 
     

1st Millennium BC

 
         



 
 
         
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