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    Oppenheimer, Father of the Atomic Bomb  
Julius Robert Oppenheimer was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. He is among the persons who are often called the "father of the atomic bomb" for their role in the Manhattan...
 
    Ralph Kronig, German American Physicist  
Ralph Kronig was a German American physicist. He is noted for the discovery of particle spin and for his theory of x-ray absorption spectroscopy. His theories include the Kronig–Penney model, the Coster–Kronig transition and the Kramers–Kro...
 
    Ettore Majorana, Majorana Equation  
Ettore Majorana (missing, presumed dead on 27 March 1938) was an Italian theoretical physicist who began work on neutrino masses. He disappeared suddenly in mysterious circumstances. The Majorana equation and Majorana fermions are named aft...
 
    Edwin Land, Inventor Polaroid  
Edwin Herbert Land was a American scientist, inventor, and industrialist. While studying physics at Harvard in the 1920s he became interested in the polarization of light. He developed a new polarizing material, which he called Polaroid, an...
 
    Lyman Spitzer, Concept Telescopes in Outer Space  
Lyman Strong Spitzer, Jr. was an American theoretical physicist, astronomer and mountaineer. As a scientist, he carried out research into star formation, plasma physics, and in 1946, conceived the idea of telescopes operating in outer space...
 
    Norman Ramsey, Atomic Clock  
Norman Foster Ramsey, Jr. was an American physicist. In 1949, while working at Harvard, Ramsey applied a key insight to improve Columbia University physicist Isidor Rabi's method of studying atoms and molecules. In 1937, Rabi used alternati...
 
    Richard Feynman, Physicist  
Richard Phillips Feynman was an American physicist known for the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum electrodynamics and the physics of the superfluidity of supercooled liquid helium, as well as work in par...
 
    Theodore Maiman, Inventor of the Laser, 1960  
Theodore Harold "Ted" Maiman was an American engineer and physicist credited with the invention of the first working laser. Maiman’s laser led to the subsequent development of many other types of lasers. The laser was successfully fired on...
 
    John Bell, Bell's Theorem 1964  
John Stewart Bell FRS was a British physicist from Northern Ireland (Ulster), and the originator of Bell's theorem, a significant theorem in quantum physics regarding hidden variable theories. In 1964, after a year's leave from CERN that he...
 
    Peter Higgs, Higgs Boson Particle  
Peter Ware Higgs is best known for his 1960s proposal of broken symmetry in electroweak theory, explaining the origin of mass of elementary particles in general and of the W and Z bosons in particular. This so-called Higgs mechanism predict...
 
    Gordon Moore, Moore's Law  
Gordon Earle Moore is the co-founder and Chairman Emeritus of Intel Corporation and the author of Moore's Law (published in an article 19 April 1965 in Electronics Magazine). Moore's law describes a long-term trend in the history of computi...
 
    Edsger W. Dijkstra, Dutch Computer Scientist  
Edsger Wybe Dijkstra was a Dutch computer scientist. He received the 1972 Turing Award for fundamental contributions to developing programming languages, and was the Schlumberger Centennial Chair of Computer Sciences at The University of Te...
 
    Steven Weinberg, Physicist, Electroweak Interaction  
Steven Weinberg (is an American theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate in Physics for his contributions with Abdus Salam and Sheldon Glashow to the unification of the weak force and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles...
 
    Manhattan Project, Development Atomic Bomb  
The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons. It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada. From 1942 to 1946, the project...
 
    Stephen Hawking, Physicist  
Stephen William Hawking is an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge. His scientific works include a collaboration with Roger Pe...
 
       
 
         
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