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Nature

 
         
         
             
    Tragedy of the Dodo, Mauritius
  Tragedy of the Dodo, Mauritius
In the year 1598 AD, Portuguese sailors landing on the shores of the island of Mauritius discovered a previously unknown species of bird, the Dodo. Having been isolated by its island location from contact with humanity, the dodo greeted the new visit...
 
    Benjamin Franklin, Founding Father USA
  Benjamin Franklin, Founding Father USA
Benjamin Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A noted polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist, musician, inventor, satirist, civic activist, statesman, and dipl...
 
    Linnaeus, Father Species Classification
  Linnaeus, Father Species Classification
Carolus Linnaeus, the father of modern plant and animal classification. Linnaeus was born in 1707, the son of a Lutheran clergyman, at Rashult in Sweden. He began to study medicine at the University of Lund in 1727, transferring to the University of...
 
    Capability Brown, Landscape Architect
  Capability Brown, Landscape Architect
Lancelot Brown (1716 – 6 February 1783), more commonly known as Capability Brown, was an English landscape architect. He is remembered as "the last of the great English eighteenth-century artists to be accorded his due", and "England's greatest garde...
 
    Lamarck, Theory of Evolution
  Lamarck, Theory of Evolution
Jean-Baptiste de la Marck, often just known as "Lamarck", was a French soldier, naturalist, academic and an early proponent of the idea that evolution occurred and proceeded in accordance with natural laws. In the modern era, Lamarck is remembered p...
 
    François Le Vaillant, French Explorer
  François Le Vaillant, French Explorer
François Le Vaillant was a French explorer, collector and ornithologist. Hugely popular in his lifetime for his engaging and colourful travel accounts, Le Vaillant is best known today for his spectacular books of ornithology, but his reputation has a...
 
    The Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755
  The Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755
The 1755 Lisbon earthquake, also known as the Great Lisbon Earthquake, took place on November 1, 1755, at around 9:40 in the morning.[1] The earthquake was followed by a tsunami and fires, which caused near-total destruction of Lisbon in Portugal, an...
 
    Robert Brown, British Botanist
  Robert Brown, British Botanist
Robert Brown, Scottish botanist and botanical explorer. In 1801 he went as a naturalist on one of Matthew Flinders's expeditions to Australia, returning (1805) to England with valuable collections. In his Prodromus florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae...
 
    John James Audubon, Birds of America
  John James Audubon, Birds of America
John James Audubon was an American ornithologist, naturalist, hunter, and painter. He painted, catalogued, and described the birds of North America. He was not the first person to attempt to paint and describe all the birds of America (Alexander Wils...
 
    Charles Darwin, Evolution Theory - 1859
  Charles Darwin, Evolution Theory - 1859
Charles Robert Darwin was an English naturalist who realised and presented compelling evidence that all species of life have evolved over time from common ancestors, through the process he called natural selection. The fact that evolution occurs beca...
 
    Edward Blyth, Zoologist
  Edward Blyth, Zoologist
Edward Blyth was an English zoologist and pharmacist. He was one of the founders of zoology in India. Blyth was born in London in 1810. In 1841 he travelled to India to become the curator of the museum of the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal. He set a...
 
    John Snow, Physician
  John Snow, Physician
John Snow, Physician, reformer. During the cholera epidemics of the late 1840s and early 1850s, physician John Snow realized that cholera is transmitted through contaminated water. His essay, "On the Mode of Communication of Cholera" was first publis...
 
    Mount Tambora, Eruption 1815
  Mount Tambora, Eruption 1815
Mount Tambora (or Tomboro) is an active stratovolcano, also known as a composite volcano, on Sumbawa island, Indonesia. Tambora erupted in 1815 with a rating of seven on the Volcanic Explosivity Index, making it the largest eruption since the Lake Ta...
 
    Joseph Dalton Hooker, Botanists
  Joseph Dalton Hooker, Botanists
Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker was one of the greatest British botanists and explorers of the 19th century. Hooker was a founder of geographical botany, and Charles Darwin's closest friend. He was Director of the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, for twenty ye...
 
    Gregor Mendel, Father of Genetics
  Gregor Mendel, Father of Genetics
Gregor Johann Mendel was a Austrian priest and scientist, and is often called the father of genetics for his study of the inheritance of traits in pea plants. Mendel showed that the inheritance of traits follows particular laws, which were later name...
 
 

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