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354 - 430
  Saint Augustine, Bishop of Hippo  
He was named the Christian bishop of Hippo (Annaba, Algeria) in 396, and devoted the remaining decades of his life to the formation of an ascetic religious community. Augustine argued against the skeptics that genuine human knowledge can be establish...
 
 
387 - 493
  Saint Patrick, Patron of Ireland  
Saint Patrick was a Romano-Briton and Christian missionary, who is the most generally recognised patron saint of Ireland (although Brigid of Kildare and Columba are also formally patron saints). Two authentic letters from him survive, from which come...
 
 
406 - 453
  Attila, King of the Huns  
Attila the Hun was the Emperor of the Huns from 434 until his death in 453. He was leader of the Hunnic Empire which stretched from Germany to the Ural River and from the River Danube to the Baltic Sea. During his rule, he was one of the most fearsom...
 
 
433 - 493
  Odoacer, 1st Barbarian King of Italy  
Flavius Odoacer, was a soldier, who in 476 became the first King of Italy (476493). His reign is commonly seen as marking the end of the Western Roman Empire. Though the real power in Italy was in his hands, he represented himself as the client of J...
 
 
454 - 526
  Theodoric the Great, King of the Ostrogoths  
Theoderic the Great, often referred to as Theodoric, was king of the Germanic Ostrogoths (475526), ruler of Italy (493526), regent of the Visigoths (511526), and a patricius of the Eastern Roman Empire. His Gothic name translates into "people-king...
 
 
466 - 511
  Clovis, 1st King of the Franks  
Clovis or Chlodowech was the first King of the Franks to unite all the Frankish tribes under one ruler, changing the leadership from a group of royal chieftains, to rule by kings, ensuring that the kingship was held by his heirs. He was also the firs...
 
 
476 - 550
  Aryabhata, Inventor of the Digit Zero  
Aryabhata is the first of the great astronomers of the classical age of India. He was born in 476 AD in Ashmaka but later lived in Kusumapura, which his commentator Bhaskara I (629 AD) identifies with Patilputra (modern Patna). Aryabhata gave the...
 
 
480 - 550
  Saint Benedict, Founder of Western Monasticism  
Saint Benedict of Nursia is a Christian saint, honored by the Roman Catholic Church as the patron saint of Europe and students. Benedict founded twelve communities for monks at Subiaco, about 40 miles (64 km) to the east of Rome, before moving to Mon...
 
    King Arthur, Man or Myth  
King Arthur was a legendary British leader of the late fifth and early sixth centuries, who, according to Medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the early sixth century. The details of Arthur's story are...
 
 
521 - 597
  Saint Columba of Iona, Irish Missionary  
Saint Columba, sometimes referred to as Columba of Iona, or, in Old Irish, as Colm Cille, Columbkill, Columbkille or Columcille (meaning "Dove of the church") was an outstanding figure among the Gaelic missionary monks who, some of his advocates clai...
 
 
570 - 633
  Muhammad, Prophet of Islam  
Muhammad is the central prophet of the Islamic faith. Born into a noble Quraish (Quraysh) clan, he was orphaned at an early age. He grew up to be a successful merchant, then turned contemplative; it's said that beginning when he was 40, Muhammad was...
 
 
625 - 705
  Wu Zetian, Empress of China  
Wu Zetian or Empress Wu, was a Chinese sovereign, who ruled officially under the name of her self-proclaimed "Zhou dynasty", from 690 to 705. She was the only female emperor of China in more than 4,000 years. She had previous imperial positions, howe...
 
 
673 - 735
  Bede, Father of English History  
Bede, also referred to as Saint Bede or the Venerable Bede, was a monk at the Northumbrian monastery of Saint Peter at Monkwearmouth, today part of Sunderland, England, and of its companion monastery, Saint Paul's, in modern Jarrow (see Wearmouth-Jar...
 
 
686 - 741
  Charles Martel, The Hammer  
Charles Martel also known as Charles the Hammer, was a Frankish military and political leader, who served as Mayor of the Palace under the Merovingian kings and ruled de facto during an interregnum (73743) at the end of his life, using the title Duk...
 
 
731 - 788
  Abd al-Rahman I, Founder Al-Andalus  
Abd al-Rahman I was the founder of a Muslim dynasty that ruled the greater part of Iberia for nearly three centuries (including the succeeding Caliphate of Córdoba). The Muslims called the regions of Iberia under their dominion al-Andalus. Abd al-Rah...
 
       
 
         
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