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    The Mongol Empire   The Mongol Empire
The Mongol Empire was the largest contiguous empire in world history and for some time was the most feared in Eurasia. It was the product of Mongol unification and Mongol invasions, which began with Temujin being proclaimed ruler in 1206, eventually...
 
    Osman I, Founder Ottoman Empire - 1299   Osman I, Founder Ottoman Empire - 1299
Osman I was the leader of the Ottoman Turks and the founder of the dynasty that established and ruled the Ottoman Empire. The state, while only a small principality (beylik) during Osman's lifetime, was named after him and would prevail as a world em...
 
    Giotto, 1st Italian Renaissance Painter   Giotto, 1st Italian Renaissance Painter
Giotto was an Italian painter and architect from Florence in the late Middle Ages. He is generally considered the first in a line of great artists who contributed to the Italian Renaissance. Giotto's masterwork is the decoration of the Scrovegni C...
 
    Mansa Musa I, Emperor of Mali Empire   Mansa Musa I, Emperor of Mali Empire
Musa I was the tenth Mansa, which translates as "King of Kings" or "Emperor", of the wealthy Mali Empire. At the time of Mansa Musa's rise to the throne, the Malian Empire consisted of territory formerly belonging to the Ghana Empire and Melle (Mali)...
 
    Orhan I, 2nd Ottoman Bey or Sultan   Orhan I, 2nd Ottoman Bey or Sultan
Orhan I or Orhan Bey was the second bey of the nascent Ottoman Empire (then known as the Ottoman Beylik or Emirate) from 1326 to 1359. He was the son of Osman I and Malhun Hatun, the daughter of Abdulaziz Bey. In the early stages of his reign, Orh...
 
    Azzone Visconti, Lord of Milan   Azzone Visconti, Lord of Milan
Azzone Visconti was lord of Milan from 1329 until his death. He is considered the founder of the state of Milan, which later became a duchy. Born in Ferrara, he was the sole legitimate son of Galeazzo I Visconti and Beatrice d'Este. In 1322 he was lo...
 
    Petrarch, Italian Poet and Early Humanists   Petrarch, Italian Poet and Early Humanists
Francesco Petrarca, commonly anglicized as Petrarch, was an Italian scholar and poet in Renaissance Italy, and one of the earliest humanists. Petrarch's rediscovery of Cicero's letters is often credited for initiating the 14th-century Renaissance...
 
    Ibn Battutah, Muslim Traveler   Ibn Battutah, Muslim Traveler
Ibn Battuta, Muslim traveler from Tangier. No other medieval traveler is known to have journeyed so extensively. In 30 years (from c.1325) he made a series of journeys recorded in a dictated account. He traveled overland in North Africa and Syria to...
 
    Laura de Noves, Petrarch's Muze   Laura de Noves, Petrarch's Muze
Laura de Noves was the wife of Count Hugues de Sade (ancestor of the Marquis de Sade). She could be the Laura that the Renaissance poet Francesco Petrarch wrote about extensively; however she has never been positively identified as such. If so, it wa...
 
    Longchenpa, Longchen Rabjampa   Longchenpa, Longchen Rabjampa
Longchenpa or Longchen Rabjampa, Tib., klong chen pa, (1308 - 1363 possibly 1369) was a major teacher in the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism. Along with Sakya Pandita and Je Tsongkhapa, he is commonly recognized as one of the three main manifestat...
 
    Pope Urban V, Attempt return to Rome   Pope Urban V, Attempt return to Rome
Urban V, pope (136270), a Provençal named Guillaume de Grimoard; successor of Innocent VI. He was a Benedictine renowned for his knowledge of canon law. The great event of Urban's pontificate was the abortive attempt to return the papacy from Avigno...
 
    King Edward III of England   King Edward III of England
Edward III was 14 when he was crowned King and assumed government in his own right in 1330. In 1337, Edward created the Duchy of Cornwall to provide the heir to the throne with an income independent of the sovereign or the state. An able soldier, and...
 
    Giovanni Boccaccio   Giovanni Boccaccio
Giovanni Boccaccio was a Italian author and poet, the greatest of Petrarch's disciples, an important Renaissance humanist in his own right and author of a number of notable works including On Famous Women, the Decameron and his poems in the vernacula...
 
    Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor   Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles IV, born Wenceslaus, of the House of Luxembourg, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1355 until his death. He was the eldest son and heir of John the Blind, from whom he inherited Luxembourg and Bohemia on 26 August 1346. He was elected King of Germa...
 
    Robert II King of Scots, 1st Stewart Monarch   Robert II King of Scots, 1st Stewart Monarch
Robert II reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. He was the son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce and of his first wife Isabella...
 
       
         



 
 
         
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