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    Calvin Coolidge, 30th US President, 1923–1929  
John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. was the thirtieth President of the United States (1923–1929). A Republican lawyer from Vermont, Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor of that state. His...
 
    Herbert Hoover, 31st US President, 929-1933  
Herbert Clark Hoover, the 31st President of the United States (1929-1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator before turning to political administration. A Republican, he defeated Democrat Alfred E. Smith in t...
 
    Chen Duxiu, Co-founder Chinese Communist Party  
Chen Duxiu was a Chinese revolutionary socialist, educator, philosopher, and author, who co-founded the Chinese Communist Party (with Li Dazhao) in 1921, serving from 1921 to 1927 as its first General Secretary. Chen was a leading figure in...
 
    Joseph Stalin, Dictator of the Soviet Union  
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was a Georgian-born Soviet revolutionary and political leader. He governed the Soviet Union as dictator from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953, serving as Premier of the Soviet Union from 1941 to 1953 and as...
 
    Atatürk, Founder Turkish Republic  
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was a Turkish army officer, reformist statesman, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. His surname, Atatürk (meaning "Father of the Turks"), was granted to...
 
    Cecil B. DeMille, Film Director  
Cecil Blount DeMille was an Academy Award-winning American film director. He was famous in the first half of the 20th century, known for the flamboyance and showmanship of his movies. DeMille directed dozens of silent films, including Param...
 
    James Joyce, Irish Novelist and Poet  
James Joyce was an Irish novelist and poet, considered to be one of the most influential writers in the modernist avant-garde of the early 20th century. Joyce is best known for Ulysses (1922), a landmark work in which the episodes of Homer'...
 
    Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President, 1933-1945  
Thirty-Second President USA, 1933-1945. Assuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt helped the American people regain faith in themselves. He brought hope as he promised prompt, vigorous action, and a...
 
    Faisal I of Iraq  
Faisal bin al-Hussein bin Ali al-Hashemi, was for a short time King of Greater Syria in 1920 and King of Iraq from 23 August 1921 to 1933. He was a member of the Hashemite dynasty, a descendant of the tribe of Muhammad. Faisal encouraged ov...
 
    John Maynard Keynes, Economist  
John Maynard Keynes was a British economist whose ideas fundamentally changed the theory and practice of macroeconomics and the economic policies of governments. He built on and greatly refined earlier work on the causes of business cycles,...
 
    Coco Chanel, French Fashion Designer  
Gabrielle Bonheur "Coco" Chanel was a pioneering French fashion designer whose modernist philosophy, menswear-inspired fashions, and pursuit of expensive simplicity made her an important figure in 20th-century fashion. Her influence on haut...
 
    Modigliani, Italian Painter and Sculptor  
Amedeo Clemente Modigliani was an Italian painter and sculptor who worked mainly in France. He is known for portraits and nudes in a modern style characterized by elongation of faces and figures that were not received well during his lifeti...
 
    Dudok, Dutch Modernist Architect  
Willem Marinus Dudok was a Dutch modernist architect, best known for the brick Hilversum City Hall. Dudok became City Architect for the town of Hilversum in 1928 and designed and built about 75 houses, public buildings and entire neighborho...
 
    Chiang Kai-shek, Opponent of Mao  
Chiang Kai-shek was a Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) after the 1925 death of Sun Yat-sen. He commanded the Northern Expedition to unify China against the warlords and emerged victori...
 
    Friedmann, Expanding Universe Solution  
Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman or Friedmann was a Russian and Soviet cosmologist and mathematician. He discovered the expanding-universe solution to the general relativity field equations in 1922, which was corroborated by Edwin Hubble's...
 
       
 
         
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