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    Virtual History of Sicily
  Virtual History of Sicily
Illustrated history of Sicily based on a 2,800 year timeline. Italy, history, Italian history...
 
    Aeneas, Trojan Hero, Founding Rome
  Aeneas, Trojan Hero, Founding Rome
Aeneas was a Trojan hero, the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite. His father was the second cousin of King Priam of Troy. The journey of Aeneas from Troy (with help from Aphrodite), which led to the founding of the city Rome, is rec...
 
    Rome History
  Rome History
Rome's early history is shrouded in legend. According to Roman tradition, the city was founded by Romulus on 21 April 753 BC. The legendary origin of the city tells that Romulus and Remus decided to build a city. After an argument, Romulus killed his...
 
    Gelon, Tyrant of Syracuse
  Gelon, Tyrant of Syracuse
Gelon, (born c. 540 bc - died 478), tyrant of the cities of Gela (491485) and Syracuse (485478) in Sicily. On the death of Hippocrates, the tyrant of Gela, in 491, Gelon, who had been his cavalry commander, succeeded him. Gelon early became involve...
 
    Tarquinius Superbus, Last King of Rome
  Tarquinius Superbus, Last King of Rome
Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was the legendary seventh and final King of Rome, reigning from 535 BC until the popular uprising in 509 BC that led to the establishment of the Roman Republic. He is more commonly known by his cognomen Tarquinius Superbus...
 
    Lucretia, Establishment Roman Republic
  Lucretia, Establishment Roman Republic
Lucretia is a legendary figure in the history of the Roman Republic. According to Livy's version of the establishment of the Republic, the last king of Rome, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (superbus, "the proud") who ruled from 535 BC to 510 BC, had a vi...
 
    Parmenides, Philosopher
  Parmenides, Philosopher
Parmenides of Elea was a Greek philosopher and poet, born of an illustrious family about BCE. 510, at Elea in Lower Italy, and is is the chief representative of the Eleatic philosophy. He was held in high esteem by his fellow-citizens for his excelle...
 
    Empedocles, The 4 Classical Elements
  Empedocles, The 4 Classical Elements
Empedocles was a Greek pre-Socratic philosopher and a citizen of Agrigentum, a Greek city in Sicily. Empedocles' philosophy is best known for being the origin of the cosmogenic theory of the four Classical elements. He also proposed powers called Lo...
 
    Zeno of Elea, All is One
  Zeno of Elea, All is One
Very little is known of the life of Zeno of Elea. We certainly know that he was a philosopher, and he is said to have been the son of Teleutagoras. The main source of our knowledge of Zeno comes from the dialogue Parmenides written by Plato. Zeno was...
 
    Battle of Himera, Sicily
  Battle of Himera, Sicily
The Battle of Himera, supposedly fought on the same day as the more famous Battle of Salamis, or on the same day as the Battle of Thermopylae, saw the Greek forces of Gelon, King of Syracuse, and Theron, tyrant of Agrigentum, defeat the Carthaginian...
 
    Chandragupta, Founder Mauryan Empire
  Chandragupta, Founder Mauryan Empire
Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of the Mauryan Empire and the first emperor to unify India into one state. He ruled from 322 BC until his voluntary retirement and abdication in favour of his son Bindusara in 298 BC. Chandragupta Maurya is a pi...
 
    Pyrrhus of Epirus, Pyrrhic Victory
  Pyrrhus of Epirus, Pyrrhic Victory
Pyrrhus of Epirus, king of the Molossians (from ca. 297 BC), Epirus (306-301, 297-272 BC) and Macedon (288-284, 273-272 BC), was one of the strongest opponents of early Rome. Some of his battles, though successful, cost him staggering losses, from wh...
 
    Theocritus, Poet of Idylls
  Theocritus, Poet of Idylls
Theocritus, the creator of ancient Greek bucolic poetry, flourished in the 3rd century BC. Little is known of Theocritus beyond what can be inferred from his writings. We must, however, handle these with some caution, since some of the poems (Idylls)...
 
    Archimedes of Syracuse, Eureka!
  Archimedes of Syracuse, Eureka!
One of the most original thinkers of Antiquity was Archimedes of Syracuse. Because our approach to physics is based upon a model that was developed by this scientist, we immediately recognize him as 'on of us'. And indeed: he did all kinds of experim...
 
    Punic War 1
  Punic War 1
Collective name on the wars between the Punic (the Romans used the name Poeni on the people of Carthage) city state of Carthage (now outside Tunis, Tunisia) and Rome, the first war starting in 264 BCE, and the last ending in 146. The wars were fought...
 
 

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