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    Gustave Courbet, French Painter  
Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet was a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting. The Realist movement bridged the Romantic movement (characterized by the paintings of Théodore Géricault and Eugène Delacroix), with the Ba...
 
    Jozef Israëls, Dutch Painter  
Jozef Israëls was a Dutch painter, and "the most respected Dutch artist of the second half of the nineteenth century". He began with historical and dramatic subjects in the romantic style of the day. By chance, after an illness, he went to recruit hi...
 
    Camille Pissarro, Impressionist  
Camille Pissarro was a French Impressionist painter. His importance resides not only in his visual contributions to Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, but also in his patriarchal standing among his colleagues, particularly Paul Cézanne and Paul Ga...
 
    HW Mesdag, Dutch Marine Painter  
Hendrik Willem Mesdag was a Dutch marine painter. He was born in Groningen, the son of the banker Klaas Mesdag and his wife Johanna Wilhelmina van Giffen. Mesdag was encouraged by his father, an amateur painter, to study art. He married Sina van H...
 
    Edouard Manet, Impressionist  
Édouard Manet was a French painter. He was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, and a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism. His early masterworks, The Luncheon on the Grass (Le déjeuner sur l'herbe)...
 
    Edgar Degas, Impressionist Painter  
Edgar Degas was a French artist famous for his work in painting, sculpture, printmaking and drawing. He is regarded as one of the founders of Impressionism although he rejected the term, and preferred to be called a realist. A superb draughtsman, he...
 
    Paul Cézanne, Post-Impressionist  
Paul Cézanne, French painter, one of the greatest of the Postimpressionists, whose works and ideas were influential in the aesthetic development of many 20th-century artists and art movements, especially Cubism. Cézanne's art, misunderstood and disc...
 
    Hans Makart, Austrian Painter  
Hans Makart was a 19th century Austrian academic history painter, designer, and decorator; most well known for his influence on Gustav Klimt and other Austrian artists, but in his own era considered an important artist himself and was a celebrity fig...
 
    Claude Monet, Impressionist  
During the 1860s Monet was associated with Douard Manet, and with other aspiring French painters destined to form the Impressionist school notably Camille Pissarro, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, Berthe Morisot, Douard Manet and Edgar Degas....
 
    Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Impressionist  
Pierre-Auguste Renoir was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style. As a celebrator of beauty, and especially feminine sensuality, it has been said that "Renoir is the final representative of a tradition...
 
    Henri Rousseau,  Post-Impressionist Painter  
Henri Rousseau was a French Post-Impressionist painter in the Naïve or Primitive manner. He was also known as Le Douanier (the customs officer), a humorous description of his occupation as a toll collector. Ridiculed during his lifetime, he came to b...
 
    Paul Gauguin, Post-Impressionist  
Paul Eugène Henri Gauguin. French Post-Impressionist painter, known for his use of lush colour and flat, two-dimensional forms, particularly in scenes from life in Brittany and the South Sea Islands. Gauguin was born in Paris on June 7, 1848, into...
 
    Vincent van Gogh, Post-Impressionists  
One of the four great Post-impressionists (along with Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat, and Paul Cézanne), Vincent van Gogh is generally considered the greatest Dutch painter after Rembrandt. His reputation is based largely on the works of the last three...
 
    John Singer Sargent, Painter  
John Singer Sargent was an American artist, considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation" for his evocations of Edwardian era luxury. During his career, he created roughly 900 oil paintings and more than 2,000 watercolors, as well as co...
 
    George Hendrik Breitner, Painter  
George Hendrik Breitner was a Dutch painter and photographer. He trained as a painter and draughtsman at the academy in The Hague. Although the Dutch painter Charles Rochussen taught the students history and landscape painting, Breitner's interests d...
 
       
 
         
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