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    Theo van Doesburg, Founder De Stijl  
Theo van Doesburg was a Dutch artist, practicing in painting, writing, poetry and architecture. He is best known as the founder and leader of De Stijl. Although he considered himself to be a modern painter at that time, his early work is in...
 
    Marcel Duchamp  
Marcel Duchamp, the painter and mixed media artist, was associated with Cubism, Dadaism and Surrealism, though he avoided any alliances. Duchamp’s work is characterized by humor, a wide variety of unconventional media, and its incessant pro...
 
    Marc Chagall, Modernist  
Marc Chagall was a Russian–French artist, associated with several key art movements and was one of the most successful artists of the 20th century. He created a unique career in virtually every artistic medium, including paintings, book il...
 
    Oskar Schlemmer, Master of Form  
Oskar Schlemmer was a German painter, sculptor, designer and choreographer associated with the Bauhaus school. In 1923 he was hired as Master of Form at the Bauhaus theatre workshop, after working some time at the workshop of sculpture. His...
 
    Man Ray, Photographer / Painter  
Man Ray's photography would come to play an important role in the Surrealist movement. Although he had first bought a camera in 1915 to document his paintings, he now wanted to become a professional portrait photographer. Some of his very f...
 
    Joan Miró, Spanish Surrealist Painter  
Joan Miró i Ferrà was a Catalan, Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona. A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundació Joan Miró, was established in his native city of Barcelona in 1975, and another, the Fundació Pilar i...
 
    René Magritte  
René Magritte is the main Belgian representative of Surrealism. The paintings of Magritte are enjoyable by all as they are witty, amusing and pleasing for the eye. René Magritte loved to play with the mind of the viewers. Probably the mo...
 
    M.C. Escher, Graphic Artist  
Maurits Cornelis Escher, usually referred to as M. C. Escher, was a Dutch graphic artist. He is known for his often mathematically inspired woodcuts, lithographs, and mezzotints. These feature impossible constructions, explorations of infin...
 
    Alexander Calder, Painter, Sculpter  
Alexander "Sandy" Calder was an abstract painter and sculptor famous for working in wire and originating the dangling, moving artworks known as mobiles. Alexander Calder grew up in a family of artists, but he began his career by studying me...
 
    Salvador Dali  
Dali, Salvador, Spanish painter, writer, and member of the surrealist movement. Dali's paintings are characterized by meticulous draftsmanship and realistic detail, with brilliant colors heightened by transparent glazes. Dali designed and p...
 
    Willem de Kooning  
One of the most influential artists of the twentieth century, was born in Rotterdam, Holland, in 1904. Following formal studies in fine and applied art at the Rotterdam Academy, he emigrated to America at age twenty-two. In New York he init...
 
    Francis Bacon, Painter  
Irish-British painter. He lived in Berlin and Paris before settling in London (1929) to begin a career as an interior decorator. With no formal art training, he started painting, drawing, and participating in gallery exhibitions, with littl...
 
    Karel Appel, Co-founder Cobra Movement  
Karel Appel was born on April 25, 1921, in Amsterdam. From 1940 to 1943 he studied at the Rijksakademie van Beeldende Kunsten in Amsterdam. In 1946 his first solo show was held at Het Beerenhuis in Groningen, the Netherlands, and he partici...
 
    Andy Warhol  
The 1960s was an extremely prolific decade for Warhol. Appropriating images from popular culture, Warhol created many paintings that remain icons of 20th-century art, such as the Campbell's Soup Cans, Disasters and Marilyns. In additi...
 
    Hundertwasser, Architect / Painter  
Friedensreich Regentag Dunkelbunt Hundertwasser was an Austrian painter and architect. Born Friedrich Stowasser in Vienna, he became one of the best-known contemporary Austrian artists, although controversial, by the end of the 20th century...
 
       
 
         
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