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    The Night Watch, Rembrandt  
"Night Watch", 1642; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. The Night Watch is misnamed because of a very dark varnish that covered it until the 1940's. It should be titled The Company of Captain Frans Cocq. It is a group portrait of a company of civil gu...
 
    Theo van Rysselberghe, Painter  
Théo van Rysselberghe, Belgian painter, was born in Ghent in 1862. He studied art at the Academies in Ghent and Brussels, and in 1881 exhibited for the first time at the Salon in Brussels. After the success of the French Impressionists exhi...
 
    The Picnic, Le Déjeuner sur l'Herbe, Manet  
Edouard Manet's submissions to the Salon of 1863, The Picnic among them, were rejected and appeared at the Salon des Refusés. The large canvas became the focus of scandalized critical and public attention. An even greater scandal than that...
 
    Apples, Peaches, Pears, Grape - Cézanne  
Paul Cézanne, one of the creators of modern art, was called the "solidifier of Impressionism''. And indeed he does not draw his picture before painting it: instead, he creates space and depth of perspective by means of planes of color, whic...
 
    A Sunday on La Grande Jatte, Seurat  
Influenced by the Impressionists’ experimentation with color, Post-Impressionist painter Georges Seurat worked with innovative techniques. On an enormous canvas, the artist depicted city dwellers gathered at a park on La Grande Jatte (liter...
 
    Vase with 12 sunflowers, Van Gogh  
Still Life: Vase with Twelve Sunflowers Oil on canvas, 91.0 x 72.0 cm, Arles: August, 1888. In February 1888 van Gogh settled at Arles, where he painted more than 200 canvases in 15 months. During this time he sold no pictures, was in pove...
 
    Femmes de Tahiti (Sur la plage), Gauguin  
Gauguin's art has all the appearance of a flight from civilisation, of a search for new ways of life, more primitive, more real and more sincere. His break away from a solid middle-class world, abandoning family, children and job, his refus...
 
    The Scream, Munch  
The Scream has come more and more to be accepted as Edvard Munch's most significant motif - the very symbol of modern man, for whom God is dead and for whom materialism provides no solace. Munch wrote several versions of a prose-lyrical ass...
 
    Nympheas, Monet  
Nymphéas, effet du soir", Claude Monet, 1897, Musée Marmottan, Paris. "It took me time to understand my waterlilies... I had planted them for the pleasure of it; I grew them without ever thinking of painting them... A landscape doesn't per...
 
    Mill in Sunlight, Mondrian  
1908, Oil on canvas, 114 x 87 cm, Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague. Until 1908 Mondrian’s work was naturalistic - incorporating successive influences of academic landscape and still-life painting, Dutch Impressionism, and Symbolism. Mondrian...
 
    Red and Blue Chair, Rietveld  
In 1918, the architect Gerrit Thomas Rietveld designed a chair that affected not only furniture design, but the history of architecture. Rietveld's "Red and Blue" chair is now in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art, and it is a chair...
 
    Composition Red Blue Yellow, Mondrian  
The 20th century is distinguished in art history for one invention above all: abstraction. The Dutch artist Piet Mondrian (1872-1944) was a pioneer in this development. His reputation rests on about 250 abstract paintings dating from 1917 t...
 
    Ceci n'est pas une pipe, Magritte  
Magritte worked in a wallpaper factory, and was a poster and advertisement designer until 1926 when a contract with Galerie la Centaure in Brussels made it possible for him to paint full-time. In 1926, Magritte produced his first surreal...
 
    Guernica, Picasso  
“Guernica, the oldest town of the Basque provinces and the center of their cultural traditions, was almost completely destroyed by the rebels in an air attack yesterday afternoon. The bombing of the undefended town far behind the front line...
 
    Nighthawks, Hopper  
Nighthawks; 1942; Oil on canvas, 30 x 60 in; The Art Institute of Chicago. Paintings such as Nighthawks (Art Institute of Chicago, 1942) convey a mood of loneliness and desolation by their emptiness or by the presence of anonymous, non-comm...
 
       
 
         
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