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    Piri Reis, Ottoman Admiral, Cartographer   Piri Reis, Ottoman Admiral, Cartographer
Piri Reis was an Ottoman admiral, geographer, and cartographer born between 1465 and 1470. He died in 1553. He is primarily known today for his maps and charts collected in his Kitab-ı Bahriye (Book of Navigation), a book that contains detail...
 
    Copernicus, Earth moves around the Sun   Copernicus, Earth moves around the Sun
Nicolaus Copernicus was the first astronomer to formulate a comprehensive heliocentric cosmology, which displaced the Earth from the center of the universe. His epochal book, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Sp...
 
    Cabeza de Vaca, Spanish Explorer   Cabeza de Vaca, Spanish Explorer
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca was a Spanish explorer of the New World, one of four survivors of the Narváez expedition. He is remembered as a proto-anthropologist for his detailed accounts of the many tribes of Native Americans, first published in 1542...
 
    Pigafetta, Circled the Globe - 1521   Pigafetta, Circled the Globe - 1521
Antonio Pigafetta was an Italian navigator born in Vicenza. He paid a large sum of money to accompany and assist the Portuguese captain Ferdinand Magellan and his Spanish crew on their trip around the world. He kept an accurate journal of the trip, w...
 
    Tyndale, 1st Translation English Bible   Tyndale, 1st Translation English Bible
William Tyndale was an English scholar who became a leading figure in Protestant reform, in the years leading up to his execution. He is well known for his translation of the Bible into English. He was influenced by the work of Desiderius Erasmus, wh...
 
    Paracelsus, Father of Toxicology   Paracelsus, Father of Toxicology
Paracelsus was an alchemist, physician, astrologer, and general occultist. Paracelsus rejected Gnostic traditions, but kept much of the Hermetic, neoplatonic, and Pythagorean philosophies from Ficino and Pico della Mirandola; however, Hermetical scie...
 
    De Soto, Discovered the Mississippi River   De Soto, Discovered the Mississippi River
Hernando de Soto was a Spanish explorer and conquistador who, while leading the first European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States, was the first European documented to have crossed the Mississippi River. De Soto sai...
 
    Bernardino de Sahagún, Missionary   Bernardino de Sahagún, Missionary
Bernardino de Sahagún was a Franciscan friar, missionary priest and pioneering ethnographer who participated in the Catholic evangelization of colonial New Spain (now Mexico). Born in Sahagún, Spain, in 1499, he journeyed to New Spain in 1529, and sp...
 
    Nostradamus, The Prophecies   Nostradamus, The Prophecies
Michel de Nostredame, usually Latinised to Nostradamus, was a French apothecary and reputed seer who published collections of prophecies that have since become famous worldwide. He is best known for his book Les Propheties (The Prophecies), the first...
 
    Guillaume Rondelet, Professor Medicine   Guillaume Rondelet, Professor Medicine
Guillaume Rondelet was professor of medicine at the University of Montpellier in southern France and Chancellor of the Medical Faculty from 1560. Famed as a teacher, Rondelet was also the author of a book Libri de Piscibus Marinis on the natural hist...
 
    Michael Servetus, Physician & Theologian   Michael Servetus, Physician & Theologian
Michael Servetus was a Spanish physician and theologian. His views alienated both Roman Catholics and Protestants, beginning with the publication of his first book, De Trinitatis erroribus (1531), in which he denied the Holy Trinity. His most import...
 
    Hadrianus Junius, A Second Erasmus   Hadrianus Junius, A Second Erasmus
Hadrianus Junius, also known as Adriaen de Jonghe, was a Dutch physician, classical scholar, translator, lexicographer, antiquarian, historiographer, emblematist, school rector, and Latin poet. Junius was dubbed a 'second Erasmus' by some of his cont...
 
    Gerardus Mercator, Cartographer   Gerardus Mercator, Cartographer
Gerardus Mercator, Flemish cartographer. He received a master's degree in 1532 from the University of Louvain (Belgium), where he settled. By 24 he was a skilled engraver, calligrapher, and scientific-instrument maker. He and his colleagues made Louv...
 
    Vesalius, Founder Human Anatomy   Vesalius, Founder Human Anatomy
Andreas Vesalius was an anatomist, physician, and author of one of the most influential books on human anatomy, De humani corporis fabrica (On the Fabric of the Human Body). Vesalius is often referred to as the founder of modern human anatomy. Vesali...
 
    Johann Weyer, Dutch Physician   Johann Weyer, Dutch Physician
Johann Weyer (in Dutch Jan/Johan/Johannes Wier, in Latin Ioannes Wierus and Piscinarius), was a Dutch physician, occultist and demonologist, disciple and follower of Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa. He was among the first to publish against the persecutio...
 
       
         



 
 
         
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