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83 years

   
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, a German-born architect and educator who helped define modernist architecture. Mies is widely acknowledged as one of the 20th century's greatest architects.

Born in Aachen, Germany, Mies van der Rohe spent the first half of his career in his native country. His early work was mainly residential, and he received his first independent commission, the Riehl House, when he was just 20 years old. Mies quickly became a leading figure in the avant-guard life of Berlin and was widely respected in Europe for his innovative structures. In 1930 he was named director of the Bauhaus, the renowned German school of experimental art and design.

Across the globe, Armour Institute, one of IIT's predecessor institutions, was founded in 1890, just as Chicago was emerging as a center for progressive architectural thought. Men like Burnham and Root, Sullivan and Adler, and William Le Baron Jenney were transforming the practice and developing an architectural vocabulary that emphasized structure and function. This generation of architects founded what became known as the first Chicago School of architecture.

Mies van der Rohe founded the next. In 1936, Earl Reed resigned as director of the Department of Architecture at Armour. AIT, or Armour Institute of Technology, engaged Chicago's architectural leaders in the search for a new director, and the group, headed by John Holabird, recruited Mies. Germany's political climate was changing under Nazism, and modern art and design were increasingly viewed with suspicion. Mies eventually succumbed to increasing political pressure and closed the Bauhaus. He decided to accept Armour's offer and came to Chicago in 1938. The school, Chicago, and the world were about to be transformed.

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Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, a German-born architect and educator who helped define modernist architecture. Mies is widely acknowledged as one of the 20th century's greatest architects.

Born in Aachen, Germany, Mies van der Rohe spent the first half of his career in his native country. His early work was mainly residential, and he received his first independent commission, the Riehl House, when he was just 20 years old. Mies quickly became a leading figure in the avant-guard life of Berlin and was widely respected in Europe for his innovative structures. In 1930 he was named director of the Bauhaus, the renowned German school of experimental art and design.

Across the globe, Armour Institute, one of IIT's predecessor institutions, was founded in 1890, just as Chicago was emerging as a center for progressive architectural thought. Men like Burnham and Root, Sullivan and Adler, and William Le Baron Jenney were transforming the practice and developing an architectural vocabulary that emphasized structure and function. This generation of architects founded what became known as the first Chicago School of architecture.

Mies van der Rohe founded the next. In 1936, Earl Reed resigned as director of the Department of Architecture at Armour. AIT, or Armour Institute of Technology, engaged Chicago's architectural leaders in the search for a new director, and the group, headed by John Holabird, recruited Mies. Germany's political climate was changing under Nazism, and modern art and design were increasingly viewed with suspicion. Mies eventually succumbed to increasing political pressure and closed the Bauhaus. He decided to accept Armour's offer and came to Chicago in 1938. The school, Chicago, and the world were about to be transformed. More...

 
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