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Philip IV of Castille (Felipe IV) was the king of Spain, from 1621 until his death, and king of Portugal as Philip III (Filipe III) until 1640. The eldest son of Philip III (and his wife Margaret), Philip IV was born at Valladolid. His chief minister was Gaspar de Guzmán. Speaking properly was also Philip III of Aragon, though Spain was not a complete country in the same sense that has today. (The term King of the Spains - Rey de las Españas in Spanish - was the official title then). In his realms he was known as the Planet King, after the Sun (the fourth planet in the astronomy of the time).

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Philip IV of Castille (Felipe IV) was the king of Spain, from 1621 until his death, and king of Portugal as Philip III (Filipe III) until 1640. The eldest son of Philip III (and his wife Margaret), Philip IV was born at Valladolid. His chief minister was Gaspar de Guzmán. Speaking properly was also Philip III of Aragon, though Spain was not a complete country in the same sense that has today. (The term King of the Spains - Rey de las Españas in Spanish - was the official title then). In his realms he was known as the Planet King, after the Sun (the fourth planet in the astronomy of the time). More...

 
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