Ho Chi Minh (meaning "Ho, Enlightened Will") was a Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman, who later became Prime Minister (1946 -1955) and President (1955 - 1969) of North Vietnam. He was a leading force in trying to re-unite North Vietnam with South Vietnam under Communist rule through infiltration and insurrection during the 1960s. H? led the war against the French army in Vietnam (1946-1954) and, later, against the American army in Vietnam until his death. During his presidency, North Vietnam attempted disastrous agrarian reforms that resulted in tens of thousands of deaths, as landowners were publicly denounced as landlords and executed.
During his presidency, Ho Chi Minh; was the center of a large personality cult in North Vietnam which increased in force after his death. When the former capital of South Vietnam, Saigon (Sàigòn), was captured it was renamed Ho Chi Minh City within 24 hours.
To his supporters Ho Chi Minh is viewed positively as a committed Nationalist and Vietnamese Communist, who fought for a united Vietnamese state. His opponents, however, feel that he was not an admirable figure, claiming that he mandated the invasion of South Vietnam that resulted in the deaths of over a million of its citizens. Many more, as much as two milion fled South Vietnam after it was occupied by north. Many often criticise Viet Cong, subordinate to him, for terrorism in the South.