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Afonso I of Portugal (English Alphonzo), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques, was the first King of Portugal, declaring his independence from León. Afonso was the son of Henry of Burgundy, Count of Portugal and Teresa of León, the illegitimate daughter of King Alfonso VI of Castile and León. He was proclaimed King on July 26 1139, immediatly after the Battle of Ourique, and died on December 6 1185 in Coimbra.

He spent his life in almost ceaseless fighting against the kings of León and Castile and against the Moors to increase his prestige and territories. He began to style himself king in 1139, the same year he defeated the Moors in the battle of Ourique; in 1147, he took Santarém by surprise attack and captured Lisbon. In 1143, Afonso placed his lands under papal protection and secured Castilian recognition of his title, which was confirmed by pope Innocent II.

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Afonso I of Portugal (English Alphonzo), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques, was the first King of Portugal, declaring his independence from León. Afonso was the son of Henry of Burgundy, Count of Portugal and Teresa of León, the illegitimate daughter of King Alfonso VI of Castile and León. He was proclaimed King on July 26 1139, immediatly after the Battle of Ourique, and died on December 6 1185 in Coimbra.

He spent his life in almost ceaseless fighting against the kings of León and Castile and against the Moors to increase his prestige and territories. He began to style himself king in 1139, the same year he defeated the Moors in the battle of Ourique; in 1147, he took Santarém by surprise attack and captured Lisbon. In 1143, Afonso placed his lands under papal protection and secured Castilian recognition of his title, which was confirmed by pope Innocent II. More...

 
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