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Thera, or the modern island of Santorini, located sixty-nine miles north of the island of Crete in the Aegean Sea, was devastated by a volcanic eruption sometime in the 15th century BC. The eruption was one the the most powerful in the past 10,000 years and contributed to the fall of the Minoan Civilization. The other event to contribute to the fall of the Minoan Civilization was the rise of the Mycenean Civilization on the island of Crete.

'About 7 cubic miles of rhyodacite magma was erupted. The plinian Column during the initial phase of the eruption was about 23 miles (36kn) high. The removal of such a large volume of magma caused the volcano to collapse, producing a caldera....The eruption probably caused the end of the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete.'
 
 
Thera, or the modern island of Santorini, located sixty-nine miles north of the island of Crete in the Aegean Sea, was devastated by a volcanic eruption sometime in the 15th century BC. The eruption was one the the most powerful in the past 10,000 years and contributed to the fall of the Minoan Civilization. The other event to contribute to the fall of the Minoan Civilization was the rise of the Mycenean Civilization on the island of Crete.

'About 7 cubic miles of rhyodacite magma was erupted. The plinian Column during the initial phase of the eruption was about 23 miles (36kn) high. The removal of such a large volume of magma caused the volcano to collapse, producing a caldera....The eruption probably caused the end of the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete.' More...

 
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