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For two hundred years, the White House has stood as a symbol of the Presidency, the United States government, and the American people. Its history, and the history of the nation’s capital, began when President George Washington signed an Act of Congress in December of 1790 declaring that the federal government would reside in a district "not exceeding ten miles square on the river Potomac. Construction began when the first cornerstone was laid in October of 1792. Although President Washington oversaw the construction of the house, he never lived in it. It was not until 1800, when the White House was nearly completed, that its first residents, President John Adams and his wife, Abigail, moved in.

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For two hundred years, the White House has stood as a symbol of the Presidency, the United States government, and the American people. Its history, and the history of the nation’s capital, began when President George Washington signed an Act of Congress in December of 1790 declaring that the federal government would reside in a district "not exceeding ten miles square on the river Potomac. Construction began when the first cornerstone was laid in October of 1792. Although President Washington oversaw the construction of the house, he never lived in it. It was not until 1800, when the White House was nearly completed, that its first residents, President John Adams and his wife, Abigail, moved in. More...

 
    George Washington, 1st US President, 1789-1797
  George Washington, 1st US President, 1789-1797
George Washington was the first, and only nonpartisan, President of the United States (1789–97), the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He presided o...
 
    John Adams, 2nd US President, 1797-1801
  John Adams, 2nd US President, 1797-1801
John Adams was the second President of the United States of America. He was President from 1797 until 1801. His Vice-President was Thomas Jefferson. Adams belonged to the Federalist Party. John Adams was born in Quincy, Massachusetts, on October 30,...
 
    Thomas Jefferson, 3rd US President, 1801-1809
  Thomas Jefferson, 3rd US President, 1801-1809
Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence and the Statute of Virginia for Religious Freedom, third president of the United States 1801-1809, and founder of the University of Virginia, voiced the aspirations of a new America as no ot...
 
    James Madison, 4th US President, 1809–1817
  James Madison, 4th US President, 1809–1817
Madison, James, 4th President of the United States (1809–1817). A member of the Virginia planter class, he attended the College of New Jersey (now Princeton Univ.), graduating in 1771. Like George Washington and others, he opposed the colonial measur...
 
    James Monroe, 5th US President, 1817-1825
  James Monroe, 5th US President, 1817-1825
James Monroe was the fifth President of the United States (1817-1825), and the fourth Virginian to hold the office. Monroe, a close ally of Thomas Jefferson was a diplomat who supported the French Revolution. He played a leading role in the War of 18...
 
    John Quincy Adams, 6th US President, 1825-1829
  John Quincy Adams, 6th US President, 1825-1829
John Quincy Adams was an American statesman who served as the sixth President of the United States from 1825 to 1829. He also served as a diplomat, a Senator and member of the House of Representatives. He was a member of the Federalist, Democratic-Re...
 
    Andrew Jackson, 7th US President, 1829–1837
  Andrew Jackson, 7th US President, 1829–1837
Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States (1829–1837). He was also military governor of Florida (1821), commander of the American forces at the Battle of New Orleans (1815), a founder of the modern Democratic Party, and the eponym...
 
    William H. Harrison, 9th US President, 1841-1841
  William H. Harrison, 9th US President, 1841-1841
William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States (1841) served the shortest time of any American President - only thirty-two days. He also was the first President from the Whig Party. He had won his nickname, "Old Tip," as the tough command...
 
    The American Revolution, Independance from Britain
  The American Revolution, Independance from Britain
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783. The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies won independence from Great Britain, becoming the United States of America. In alliance with France and others it defe...
 
    Martin Van Buren, 8th US President, 1837-1841
  Martin Van Buren, 8th US President, 1837-1841
Martin Van Buren was the first President (1837-1841) not born a British subject, or even of British ancestry. The Van Burens were a large, struggling family of Dutch descent. Martin's father, Abraham Van Buren -- a supporter of Thomas Jefferson in a...
 
    Zachary Taylor, 12th US President, 1849-1850
  Zachary Taylor, 12th US President, 1849-1850
At the time he became 12th President of the United States (1849-1850), Zachary Taylor was the most popular man in America, a hero of the Mexican-American War. However, at a time when Americans were confronting the explosive issue of slavery, he was p...
 
    John Tyler, 10th US President, 1841-1845
  John Tyler, 10th US President, 1841-1845
John Tyler, 10th President of the United States (1841-1845), signaled the last gasp of the Old Virginia aristocracy in the White House. Born a few years after the American Revolution in 1790 to an old family from Virginia's ruling class, Tyler gradua...
 
    James Buchanan, 15th US President, 1857-1861
  James Buchanan, 15th US President, 1857-1861
James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States (1857-1861). In the 1850s, the question of slavery divided the United States. Hopes ran high that the new President, "Old Buck," might be the man to avert national crisis. He failed entirely. During...
 
    James Knox Polk, 11th US President, 1845-1849
  James Knox Polk, 11th US President, 1845-1849
Under James Knox Polk,11th US President (1845-1849), the United States grew by more than a million square miles, across Texas and New Mexico to California and even Oregon. More than any other President, Polk exercised "Manifest Destiny," a phrase coi...
 
    Millard Fillmore, 13th US President, 1850-1853
  Millard Fillmore, 13th US President, 1850-1853
Born into desperate poverty at the dawn of the nineteenth century, Millard Fillmore, 13th US President (1850-1853), climbed to the highest office in the land -- and inherited a nation breaking into fragments over the question of slavery. Despite his...
 
    Franklin Pierce, 14th US President, 1853-1857
  Franklin Pierce, 14th US President, 1853-1857
Franklin Pierce, the 14th President of the United States (1853-1857), came to office during a period of growing tension between the North and South. A politician of limited ability, Pierce was behind one of the most crucial pieces of legislation in A...
 
    Andrew Johnson, 17th US President, 1865-1869
  Andrew Johnson, 17th US President, 1865-1869
Andrew Johnson, 17th President of the United States (1865-1869), gives truth to the saying that in America, anyone can grow up to become President. Born in a log cabin in North Carolina to nearly illiterate parents, Andrew Johnson did not master the...
 
    Abraham Lincoln, 16th US President, 1861-1865
  Abraham Lincoln, 16th US President, 1861-1865
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States (1861-1865), guided his country through the most devastating experience in its national history-the CIVIL WAR (1861-1865). He is considered by many historians to have been the greatest American...
 
    Ulysses S. Grant, 18th US President, 1869-1877
  Ulysses S. Grant, 18th US President, 1869-1877
Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States (1869-1877), is best known as the Union general who led the North to victory over the Confederate South during the American Civil War. As a President, however, he has long been dismissed as weak a...
 
    Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th US President, 1877-1881
  Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th US President, 1877-1881
The policies of Rutherford B. Hayes, America's nineteenth President (1877-1881), began to heal the nation after the ravages of the Civil War. He was well suited to the task, having earned a steadfast reputation for integrity throughout his career as...
 
    Chester A. Arthur, 21st US President, 1881-1885
  Chester A. Arthur, 21st US President, 1881-1885
Chester Alan Arthur was an American politician who served as the twenty-first President of the United States (1881-1885). Arthur was a member of the Republican Party and worked as a lawyer before becoming the twentieth vice president under James Garf...
 
    James A. Garfield, 20th US President, 1881-1881
  James A. Garfield, 20th US President, 1881-1881
James A. Garfield, 20th President of the United States (1881), is remembered as one of the four "lost Presidents" who served rather uneventfully after the Civil War. Of the four lost Presidents -- Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, and Harrison -- Garfield is...
 
    Benjamin Harrison, 23rd US President, 1889-1893
  Benjamin Harrison, 23rd US President, 1889-1893
Benjamin Harrison was the twenty-third President of the United States, serving one term from 1889 to 1893. Harrison was born in North Bend, Ohio, and at age 21 moved to Indianapolis, Indiana, where he became a prominent state politician. During the A...
 
    Cleveland, 22nd & 24th US President, 1885–1889/1893–1897
  Cleveland, 22nd & 24th US President, 1885–1889/1893–1897
Stephen Grover Cleveland was both the twenty-second and twenty-fourth President of the United States. Cleveland is the only President to serve two non-consecutive terms (1885–1889 and 1893–1897). He was the winner of the popular vote for President th...
 
    William McKinley, 25th US President, 1897-1901
  William McKinley, 25th US President, 1897-1901
William McKinley, Jr. was the twenty-fifth President of the United States (1897-1901), and the last veteran of the American Civil War to be elected. By the 1880s, this Ohio native was a nationally known Republican leader; his signature issue was high...
 
    Woodrow Wilson, 28th US President, 1856-1924
  Woodrow Wilson, 28th US President, 1856-1924
Thomas Woodrow Wilson was the twenty-eighth President of the United States (1856-1924). A devout Presbyterian, and leading intellectual of the Progressive Era, he served as President of Princeton University and then became the Governor of New Jersey...
 
    William Howard Taft, 27th US President, 1909–1913
  William Howard Taft, 27th US President, 1909–1913
William Howard Taft was an American politician, the twenty-seventh President of the United States (1909–1913), the tenth Chief Justice of the United States, a leader of the progressive conservative wing of the Republican Party in the early 20th centu...
 
    Theodore Roosevelt, 26th Us President, 1901-1909
  Theodore Roosevelt, 26th Us President, 1901-1909
Theodore Roosevelt is mostly remembered as the twenty-sixth President of the United States (1901-1909), but this astonishingly multifaceted man was a great many other things as well. In addition to holding elective office as a New York State Assem...
 
    The American Civil War
  The American Civil War
The American Civil War, widely known as simply the Civil War in the United States as well as other sectional names, was fought from 1861 to 1865. Seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed...
 
    Warren G. Harding, 29th US President, 1921-1923
  Warren G. Harding, 29th US President, 1921-1923
Warren Gamaliel Harding was an American politician, and the twenty-ninth President of the United States, serving from 1921 to 1923, his term ending as he died from a heart attack at age 57. A Republican from Ohio, Harding was an influential newspaper...
 
    Calvin Coolidge, 30th US President, 1923–1929
  Calvin Coolidge, 30th US President, 1923–1929
John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. was the thirtieth President of the United States (1923–1929). A Republican lawyer from Vermont, Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor of that state. His actions d...
 
    Herbert Hoover, 31st US President, 929-1933
  Herbert Hoover, 31st US President, 929-1933
Herbert Clark Hoover, the 31st President of the United States (1929-1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator before turning to political administration. A Republican, he defeated Democrat Alfred E. Smith in the preside...
 
    Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President, 1933-1945
  Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President, 1933-1945
Thirty-Second President USA, 1933-1945. Assuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt helped the American people regain faith in themselves. He brought hope as he promised prompt, vigorous action, and asserted in...
 
    Dwight Eisenhower, 34th US President, 1953-1961
  Dwight Eisenhower, 34th US President, 1953-1961
Thirty-Fourth President USA,1953-1961. Bringing to the Presidency his prestige as commanding general of the victorious forces in Europe during World War II, Dwight D. Eisenhower obtained a truce in Korea and worked incessantly during his two terms to...
 
    Harry Truman, 33rd US President, 1945-1952
  Harry Truman, 33rd US President, 1945-1952
Harry Truman was president of America (1945-1952) after the death of F.D. Roosevelt in April 1945. Harry Truman gave the order for the atomic bombs to be dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and he represented the United States at Potsdam, the last of t...
 
    Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th US President, 1963-1969
  Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th US President, 1963-1969
Lyndon B. Johnson. Thirty-Sixth President 1963-1969. "A Great Society" for the American people and their fellow men elsewhere was the vision of Lyndon B. Johnson. In his first years of office he obtained passage of one of the most extensive legislati...
 
    Ronald Reagan, 40th US President, 1981–1989
  Ronald Reagan, 40th US President, 1981–1989
Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American actor and politician. He was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989), and served as the 33rd Governor of California (1967–75) prior to his presidency. As president, Reagan implemented sweeping new p...
 
    Richard Nixon, 37th US President, 1969-1974
  Richard Nixon, 37th US President, 1969-1974
Richard Milhous Nixon, 37th President of the United States (1969-1974), was the first and (so far) the only President of the United States to resign the office. Before the spectacular fall, there was an equally spectacular rise. John F. Kennedy i...
 
    Gerald Ford, 38th US President, 1974-1977
  Gerald Ford, 38th US President, 1974-1977
Gerald R. Ford, 38th President of the United States (1974-1977), became President of the United States on August 9, 1974, under extraordinary circumstances. Owing to the Watergate scandal, Ford's predecessor, Richard Nixon, had resigned under the thr...
 
    John F. Kennedy, 35th US President, 1961-1963
  John F. Kennedy, 35th US President, 1961-1963
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, commonly known as Jack Kennedy, or by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until he was assassinated in November 1963. Notable events during his...
 
    Jimmy Carter, 39th US President, 1977-1981
  Jimmy Carter, 39th US President, 1977-1981
Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States (1977-1981). His one-term presidency is remembered for the events that overwhelmed it -— inflation, energy crisis, war in Afghanistan, and hostages in Iran. After one term in office, voters strongly r...
 
    George H. W. Bush, 41st US President, 1989-1993
  George H. W. Bush, 41st US President, 1989-1993
George Herbert Walker Bush, 41st President of the United States (1989-1993), belongs to a political dynasty; he sits in the middle of three generations of politicians, including his father Prescott, a senator from Connecticut; his son Jeb, former gov...
 
    Bill Clinton, 42nd US President, 1993-2001
  Bill Clinton, 42nd US President, 1993-2001
William Jefferson Clinton served as the forty-second President of the United States from 1993 to 2001. He was the third-youngest president, older only than Theodore Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy. He became president at the end of the Cold War, and as...
 
    George W. Bush, 43rd US President, 2001-2009
  George W. Bush, 43rd US President, 2001-2009
George Walker Bush is an American politician who was the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009 and 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000. The eldest son of Barbara and George H. W. Bush, he was born in New Haven, Connecticut. A...
 
    Barack Obama, 44th US President, 2009-2017
  Barack Obama, 44th US President, 2009-2017
Barack Hussein Obama II is an American politician who is the 44th President of the United States. He is the first African American to hold the office and the first president born outside the continental United States. Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama...
 
       
 
         
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