HomeAboutLogin
       
       
 
65 years

   
Leopold I, Holy Roman emperor, King of Hungary, King of Bohemia, was the second son of the emperor Ferdinand III and his first wife Maria Anna of Spain. His maternal grandparents were Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria. He was also a first cousin of his rival, Louis XIV of France. He became heir apparent on 9 July 1654 by the death of his elder brother Ferdinand IV, and reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1658 to 1705. Leopold's reign was marked by military successes against the Ottoman Empire in the Great Turkish War.

More on this Website

 
 
Leopold I, Holy Roman emperor, King of Hungary, King of Bohemia, was the second son of the emperor Ferdinand III and his first wife Maria Anna of Spain. His maternal grandparents were Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria. He was also a first cousin of his rival, Louis XIV of France. He became heir apparent on 9 July 1654 by the death of his elder brother Ferdinand IV, and reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1658 to 1705. Leopold's reign was marked by military successes against the Ottoman Empire in the Great Turkish War. More...

 
    Otto von Guericke, The Magdeburg Hemispheres, 1654
  Otto von Guericke, The Magdeburg Hemispheres, 1654
Otto von Guericke was a German scientist, inventor, and politician. His major scientific achievements were the establishment of the physics of vacuums, the discovery of an experimental method for clearly demonstrating electrostatic repulsion, and his...
 
    Ferdinand III of Hapsburg
  Ferdinand III of Hapsburg
Ferdinand III of Hapsburg, Holy Roman emperor (1637 57), archduke of Austria (1621 57), king of Hungary (1625 57) and king of Bohemia (1627 57). Denied command of the Habsburg armies in the Thirty Years' War, Ferdinand conspired to overthrow...
 
    Pope Innocent XI
  Pope Innocent XI
Pope Innocent XI, born Benedetto Odescalchi, was Pope from 1676 to 1689. Odescalchi was a strong papal candidate after the death of Pope Clement IX (166769) in 1669, but the French government rejected him. After Pope Clement X (167076) died, Louis...
 
    John III Sobieski of Poland, Savior of Vienna 1683
  John III Sobieski of Poland, Savior of Vienna 1683
Jan III Sobieski was one of the most notable monarchs of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1674 until his death. Sobieski's 22-year-reign was marked by a period of the Commonwealth's stabilisation...
 
    Kara Mustafa Pasha, Military Leader
  Kara Mustafa Pasha, Military Leader
Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha was an Ottoman military leader and grand vizier who was a central character in the empire's last attempts at expansion into both Central Europe and Eastern Europe. In 1683, he launched a campaign northward into Austr...
 
    Louis XIV, The Sun King
  Louis XIV, The Sun King
Louis XIV, known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi-Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1643 until his death. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of any mo...
 
    Mehmed IV, Ottoman Sultan
  Mehmed IV, Ottoman Sultan
Mehmed IV was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age seven, his reign was significant as he changed the nature of the Sultan's position forever by giving up most of his executive power to his Grand Vizier. Hi...
 
    Biber, Violin Composer of the 17th Century
  Biber, Violin Composer of the 17th Century
Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and violinist. Born in the small Bohemian town of Wartenberg, Biber worked at Graz and Kromeriz before he illegally left his Kremsier employer (Prince-Bishop Carl Liechtenstein-Kastelkor...
 
    William III of Orange, King of England
  William III of Orange, King of England
William III (Dutch: Willem III) was a sovereign Prince of Orange by birth. From 1672 he governed as Stadtholder William III of Orange (Dutch: Willem III van Oranje) over Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel of the Dutch Republic. From...
 
    Great Turkish War
  Great Turkish War
The Great Turkish War refers to a series of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and contemporary European powers, then joined into a Holy League, during the second half of the 17th century. The Great Turkish War was a disaster for the Ottomans, from...
 
    Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
  Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, King of Hungary, King of the Romans was the elder son of Emperor Leopold I and his third wife, Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg, who was the daughter of Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine. Born in Vien...
 
    Battle of Vienna
  Battle of Vienna
The Battle of Vienna (as distinct from the Siege of Vienna in 1529) took place on September 11 and September 12 1683 after Vienna had been besieged by Turks for two months. It was the first large-scale battle of the Habsburg-Ottoman Wars, yet with th...
 
    Philip V, 1st Bourbon King of Spain
  Philip V, 1st Bourbon King of Spain
Philip V (Spanish: Felipe V, French: Philippe;) was King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to 15 January 1724, when he abdicated in favour of his son Louis, and from 6 September 1724, when he assumed the throne again upon his son's death, to his death....
 
    Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
  Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI was the penultimate Habsburg sovereign of the Habsburg Empire. He succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary, Archduke of Austria, etc., in 1711. He unsuccessfully claimed the throne...
 
    Nine Years' War, Palatine Succession
  Nine Years' War, Palatine Succession
The War of the Grand Alliance (168897) often called the Nine Years' War, the War of the Palatine Succession, or the War of the League of Augsburg was a major war of the late 17th century fought between King Louis XIV of France, and a European-wi...
 
    War of the Spanish Succession
  War of the Spanish Succession
The War of the Spanish Succession was fought among several European powers, principally the Holy Roman Empire, Great Britain, the Dutch Republic, Portugal, and the Duchy of Savoy, against the Kingdoms of France and Spain and the Electorate of Bavaria...
 
       
 
         
          2019 © Timeline Index | Webwork.Amsterdam