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Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles was a British statesman, Lieutenant-Governor of British Java (1811 1815), Governor-General of Bencoolen (1817 1822), best known for his founding of the city of Singapore in 1819 (now the city-state of the Republic of Singapore) and the London Zoo. He is often described as the "Father of Singapore" and the "Father of the London Zoo". He was also heavily involved in the conquest of the Indonesian island of Java from Dutch and French military forces during the Napoleonic Wars and contributed to the expansion of the British Empire. He was also an amateur writer and wrote a book titled The History of Java (1817).

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Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles was a British statesman, Lieutenant-Governor of British Java (1811 1815), Governor-General of Bencoolen (1817 1822), best known for his founding of the city of Singapore in 1819 (now the city-state of the Republic of Singapore) and the London Zoo. He is often described as the "Father of Singapore" and the "Father of the London Zoo". He was also heavily involved in the conquest of the Indonesian island of Java from Dutch and French military forces during the Napoleonic Wars and contributed to the expansion of the British Empire. He was also an amateur writer and wrote a book titled The History of Java (1817). More...

 
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    Napoleonic Wars
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