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Empress Koken, also known as Empress Shotoku, was the 46th (with Empress Koken name) and the 48th monarch of Japan (with Empress Shotoku name), according to the traditional order of succession. Empress Koken first reigned from 749 to 758, then, following the Fujiwara no Nakamaro Rebellion, she reascended the throne as Empress Shotoku from 765 until her death in 770. Empress Koken was involved in the affair with priest Dokyo; and appointed him Grand Minister in 764. In 766 he was promoted to Hoo; (priestly emperor) and in 770 had tried to ascend to throne by himself. The death of the Empress and resistance from the aristocracy destroyed his plans. This incident was a reason for the later move of the Japanese capital from Nara (Heijo). In the history of Japan, Koken/Shotoku was the sixth of eight women to take on the role of empress regnant. The five female monarchs before Koken/Shotoku were Suiko, Kogyoku/Saimei, Jito, Genmei, and Gensho; and the two women sovereigns reigning after Koken/Shotoku were Meisho;, and Go-Sakuramachi.

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Empress Koken, also known as Empress Shotoku, was the 46th (with Empress Koken name) and the 48th monarch of Japan (with Empress Shotoku name), according to the traditional order of succession. Empress Koken first reigned from 749 to 758, then, following the Fujiwara no Nakamaro Rebellion, she reascended the throne as Empress Shotoku from 765 until her death in 770. Empress Koken was involved in the affair with priest Dokyo; and appointed him Grand Minister in 764. In 766 he was promoted to Hoo; (priestly emperor) and in 770 had tried to ascend to throne by himself. The death of the Empress and resistance from the aristocracy destroyed his plans. This incident was a reason for the later move of the Japanese capital from Nara (Heijo). In the history of Japan, Koken/Shotoku was the sixth of eight women to take on the role of empress regnant. The five female monarchs before Koken/Shotoku were Suiko, Kogyoku/Saimei, Jito, Genmei, and Gensho; and the two women sovereigns reigning after Koken/Shotoku were Meisho;, and Go-Sakuramachi. More...

 
       
 
         
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