HomeAboutLoginWidgets
       
       
 
150 years

    INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION  new window
The Industrial Revolution was a period of the 18th century marked by social and technological change in which manufacturing began to rely on steam power, fueled primarily by coal, rather than on animal labor, or on water or wind power; and by a shift from artisans who made complete products to factories in which each worker completed a single stage in the manufacturing process. Improvements in transportation encouraged the rapid pace of change.

The causes of the Industrial Revolution remain a topic for debate with some historians seeing it as an outgrowth from the social changes of the Enlightenment and the colonial expansion of the 17th century.

The Industrial Revolution began in the English Midlands and spread throughout England and into continental Europe and the northern United States in the 19th century.

More on this Website  >  new window
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrialism

Related LinksAdd URL  >  new window

 
 
The Industrial Revolution was a period of the 18th century marked by social and technological change in which manufacturing began to rely on steam power, fueled primarily by coal, rather than on animal labor, or on water or wind power; and by a shift from artisans who made complete products to factories in which each worker completed a single stage in the manufacturing process. Improvements in transportation encouraged the rapid pace of change.

The causes of the Industrial Revolution remain a topic for debate with some historians seeing it as an outgrowth from the social changes of the Enlightenment and the colonial expansion of the 17th century.

The Industrial Revolution began in the English Midlands and spread throughout England and into continental Europe and the northern United States in the 19th century. More new window

 
    ENLIGHTENMENT, The Age of Reason
  ENLIGHTENMENT, The Age of Reason
The Age of Enlightenment was an intellectual movement in 18th-century Europe. The goal of the Enlightenment was to establish an authoritative ethics, aesthetics, and knowledge based on an "enlightened" rationality. The movement's leaders viewed thems...
 
    Thomas Savery, Inventor Steam Engine - 1698
  Thomas Savery, Inventor Steam Engine - 1698
Thomas Savery was an English inventor. Initially interested in naval applications of engineering (he designed an early paddle-wheel), Savery then became interested in pumping machines. On July 2, 1698 he patented an early steam engine, and in 1702 he...
 
    Adam Smith, Economist
  Adam Smith, Economist
Smith moved to London in 1776, where he published "An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations," which examined in detail the consequences of economic freedom. It covered such concepts as the role of self-interest, the division of...
 
    Immanuel Kant, German Philosopher
  Immanuel Kant, German Philosopher
Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher who is widely considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy. He argued that fundamental concepts structure human experience, and that reason is the source of morality. His thought continues to have a ma...
 
    George Washington, 1st US President
  George Washington, 1st US President
On April 30, 1789, George Washington, standing on the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York, took his oath of office as the first President of the United States. "As the first of every thing, in our situation will serve to establish a P...
 
    James Watt, Scottish Inventor, Engineer
  James Watt, Scottish Inventor, Engineer
James Watt was a Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer whose improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world. While worki...
 
    Luigi Galvani, Italian Physiologist
  Luigi Galvani, Italian Physiologist
Galvani was born, educated and taught anatomy in Bologna. The Italian physiologist made one of the early discoveries that advanced the study of electricity. His work with frogs led to his discovery in 1781 of galvanic or voltaic electricity. Galvani...
 
    Lavoisier, Father of Modern Chemistry
  Lavoisier, Father of Modern Chemistry
Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier was a French nobleman and chemist central to the 18th-century Chemical Revolution and a large influence on both the histories of chemistry and biology. He is widely considered to be the "Father of Modern Chemistry." It...
 
    Thomas Jefferson, 3rd US President
  Thomas Jefferson, 3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence and the Statute of Virginia for Religious Freedom, third president of the United States 1801-1809, and founder of the University of Virginia, voiced the aspirations of a new America as no ot...
 
    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
German poet, novelist, playwright, courtier, and natural philosopher, one of the greatest figures in Western literature. Throughout his life Goethe was interested in a variety of studies and pursuits. He made important discoveries in connection with...
 
    Louis XVI, Guillotined 1793
  Louis XVI, Guillotined 1793
Louis XVI was King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then King of the French in 1791-1792. Suspended and arrested during the insurrection of the 10th of August, he was tried by the National Convention, found guilty of treason with the e...
 
    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
He showed musical gifts at a very early age, composing when he was five and when he was six playing before the Bavarian elector and the Austrian empress. Leopold felt that it was proper, and might also be profitable, to exhibit his children's God-giv...
 
    William Blake, Poet and Painter
  William Blake, Poet and Painter
William Blake was an English painter, poet and printmaker. Largely unrecognised during his lifetime, Blake is now considered a seminal figure in the history of the poetry and visual arts of the Romantic Age. His prophetic poetry has been said to form...
 
    Horatio Nelson, British Admiral and National Hero
  Horatio Nelson, British Admiral and National Hero
Horatio Nelson was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy. He was noted for his inspirational leadership and superb grasp of strategy and unconventional tactics, which resulted in a number of decisive naval victories, particularly during the Napole...
 
    Mary Wollstonecraft, Feminist
  Mary Wollstonecraft, Feminist
Wollstonecraft's lasting place in the history of philosophy rests upon A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792). In this classical feminist text, she appealed to egalitarian social philosophy as the basis for the creation and preservation of equal...
 
    Joseph Niépce, Inventor of Photography
  Joseph Niépce, Inventor of Photography
When the craze for the newly invented art of lithography swept France in 1813, it naturally attracted Joseph's attention. Unable to draw well, he placed engravings, made transparent, on stones coated with light-sensitive varnish of his own compositio...
 
    Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of the French
  Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of the French
Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1814 and again in 18...
 
    Declaration of Independence, 4th of July
  Declaration of Independence, 4th of July
The Declaration of Independence has been described as the most important document in human history. Here, in the memorable language of the famous preamble, a hundred and ten words fatally undermined the political basis of the old order and proclaimed...
 
    Lord Byron, English Poet of the Romantics
  Lord Byron, English Poet of the Romantics
Lord Byron was an English poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement. Among Byron's best-known works are the lengthy narrative poems Don Juan and Childe Harold's Pilgrimage and the short lyric She Walks in Beauty. He is regarded as one of the...
 
    Michael Faraday, Producing Electricity
  Michael Faraday, Producing Electricity
Michael Faraday was an English chemist and physicist (or natural philosopher, in the terminology of the time) who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. Although Faraday received little formal education and knew little of...
 
    Hans Christian Andersen
  Hans Christian Andersen
Andersen's literary fame grew rapidly from the mid-1830's, when his novels enjoyed widespread circulation in Germany. From 1839 onwards it was the fairy-tales that created his quite exceptional reputation in that country. It is from the mid-1840's th...
 
    Charles Darwin, Evolution Theory - 1859
  Charles Darwin, Evolution Theory - 1859
Charles Robert Darwin was an English naturalist who realised and presented compelling evidence that all species of life have evolved over time from common ancestors, through the process he called natural selection. The fact that evolution occurs beca...
 
    Abraham Lincoln, 16th US President
  Abraham Lincoln, 16th US President
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States (1861-1865), guided his country through the most devastating experience in its national history-the CIVIL WAR (1861-1865). He is considered by many historians to have been the greatest American...
 
    Charles Dickens, English Writer
  Charles Dickens, English Writer
Charles Dickens was an English writer and social critic. He created some of the world's most memorable fictional characters and is generally regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period. During his life, his works enjoyed unprecedented f...
 
    Richard Wagner, German Composer
  Richard Wagner, German Composer
Wilhelm Richard Wagner was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is primarily known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas"). Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libr...
 
    Karl Marx, Co-founder Communism
  Karl Marx, Co-founder Communism
Karl Heinrich Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Marx's work in economics laid the basis for the current understanding of labour and its relation to capital, and has influenced m...
 
    Victoria, Queen of England
  Victoria, Queen of England
Victoria was the daughter of Edward, the Duke of Kent and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg. She was born in Kensington Palace in London on May 24th, 1819. In 1837 Queen Victoria took the throne after the death of her uncle William IV. Due to her secl...
 
    Herman Melville, Writer of Moby Dick
  Herman Melville, Writer of Moby Dick
American author, best-known for his novels of the sea and his masterpiece MOBY-DICK (1851), a whaling adventure dedicated to Nathaniel Hawthorne. "I have written a wicked book and feel as spotless as the lamb," Melville wrote to Hawthorne. The work w...
 
    Paul Kruger, President of Transvaal
  Paul Kruger, President of Transvaal
Paul Kruger was instrumental in negotiations with the British, which later led to the restoration of Transvaal as an independent state under British rule. In 1882, the 57 year old Paul Kruger was elected president of Transvaal. He left for En...
 
    Jules Verne, Pioneer of Science Fiction
  Jules Verne, Pioneer of Science Fiction
Jules Gabriel Verne was a French novelist, poet, and playwright best known for his adventure novels and his profound influence on the literary genre of science fiction. His collaboration with the publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel led to the creation o...
 
    Leo Tolstoy, Russian Writer
  Leo Tolstoy, Russian Writer
Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy was a Russian writer who primarily wrote novels and short stories. Later in life, he also wrote plays and essays. His two most famous works, the novels War and Peace and Anna Karenina, are acknowledged as two of the greatest...
 
    Maxwell, Light is an Electromagnetic Wave
  Maxwell, Light is an Electromagnetic Wave
James Clerk Maxwell was a Scottish mathematical physicist. His most notable achievement was to formulate the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation, bringing together for the first time electricity, magnetism, and light as manifestations of th...
 
    Edouard Manet, Impressionist
  Edouard Manet, Impressionist
Édouard Manet was a French painter. He was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, and a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism. His early masterworks, The Luncheon on the Grass (Le déjeuner sur l'herbe)...
 
    Paul Cézanne, Post-Impressionist
  Paul Cézanne, Post-Impressionist
Paul Cézanne, French painter, one of the greatest of the Postimpressionists, whose works and ideas were influential in the aesthetic development of many 20th-century artists and art movements, especially Cubism. Cézanne's art, misunderstood and disc...
 
    Vincent van Gogh, Post-Impressionists
  Vincent van Gogh, Post-Impressionists
One of the four great Post-impressionists (along with Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat, and Paul Cézanne), Vincent van Gogh is generally considered the greatest Dutch painter after Rembrandt. His reputation is based largely on the works of the last three...
 
    Rudolf Diesel, Inventor Diesel Engine 1893
  Rudolf Diesel, Inventor Diesel Engine 1893
Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine. Diesel engines are most often found in applications where a high torque requirement and low RPM requirement exist. Because o...
 
    Statue of Liberty, New York
  Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World; French: La Liberté éclairant le monde) is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in the middle of New York Harbor, in Manhattan, New York City. The statue, designed by Frédéric Augus...
 
    The Eiffel Tower, Paris
  The Eiffel Tower, Paris
The plan to build a tower 300 metres high was conceived as part of preparations for the World's Fair of 1889. Emile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin, the two chief engineers in Eiffel's company, had the idea for a very tall tower in June 1884. It was to...
 
    IOC : The Modern Olympic Games
  IOC : The Modern Olympic Games
Greece was the birthplace of the ancient Olympic Games. The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896. The International Olympic Committee was founded on 23 June 1894 by the French educator Baron Pierre de Coubertin who was inspired to r...
 
    20th CENTURY
  20th CENTURY
The twentieth century was remarkable due to the technological, medical, social, ideological, and international innovations, and due to the rise of war, genocide, and democide on an unprecedented scale. The trends of mechanization of goods & services...
 
       
         



 
 
         
          © 2003-2014 Timeline Index