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56 years

   
Gaius Julius Caesar is remembered as one of history's greatest generals and a key ruler of the Roman empire. As a young man he rose through the administrative ranks of the Roman republic, accumulating power until he was elected consul in 59 B.C. Over the next 15 years he led Roman armies against enemies abroad, especially in Gaul, while fighting Pompey and others for political control at home. In 45 B.C. he reached his ultimate success, being named dictator of Rome for life. That rule was short-lived: the next year he was stabbed to death in the Senate by a group led by his follower Marcus Junius Brutus. Caesar's life and death were dramatized in the William Shakespeare play Julius Caesar, with Caesar's famous death line: "Et tu, Brute? Then fall Caesar!"

Caesar is thought to have been assassinated on March 15th, a date known in the Roman calendar as "the Ides of March"... The ruling titles Kaiser and Czar are derived from the name of Caesar... Caesar had a famous romance with Egyptian ruler Cleopatra, and he fathered her son Caesarion... One of Caesar's trusted generals was Marc Antony, who became a lover and ally of Cleopatra after Caesar's death... Caesar's adopted heir was Octavian, who later defeated Antony and became the emperor Caesar Augustus.
 
 
Gaius Julius Caesar is remembered as one of history's greatest generals and a key ruler of the Roman empire. As a young man he rose through the administrative ranks of the Roman republic, accumulating power until he was elected consul in 59 B.C. Over the next 15 years he led Roman armies against enemies abroad, especially in Gaul, while fighting Pompey and others for political control at home. In 45 B.C. he reached his ultimate success, being named dictator of Rome for life. That rule was short-lived: the next year he was stabbed to death in the Senate by a group led by his follower Marcus Junius Brutus. Caesar's life and death were dramatized in the William Shakespeare play Julius Caesar, with Caesar's famous death line: "Et tu, Brute? Then fall Caesar!"

Caesar is thought to have been assassinated on March 15th, a date known in the Roman calendar as "the Ides of March"... The ruling titles Kaiser and Czar are derived from the name of Caesar... Caesar had a famous romance with Egyptian ruler Cleopatra, and he fathered her son Caesarion... One of Caesar's trusted generals was Marc Antony, who became a lover and ally of Cleopatra after Caesar's death... Caesar's adopted heir was Octavian, who later defeated Antony and became the emperor Caesar Augustus. More

 
    HELLENISTIC PERIOD : Ancient Greek
  HELLENISTIC PERIOD : Ancient Greek
The Hellenistic period is the period of ancient Greek and eastern Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest...
 
    Sulla, Roman General and Statesman
  Sulla, Roman General and Statesman
Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix, known commonly as Sulla, was a Roman general and statesman. He had the distinction of holding the office of consul twice, as well as reviving the dictatorship. Sulla was a skillful general, achieving numerous successes i...
 
    Posidonius, Greek Philosopher
  Posidonius, Greek Philosopher
Posidonius of Apameia or of Rhodes was a Greek Stoic philosopher, politician, astronomer, geographer, historian and teacher native to Apamea, Syria. He was acclaimed as the greatest polymath of his age. None of his vast body of work can be read in it...
 
    Crassus, Roman General
  Crassus, Roman General
Marcus Licinius Crassus was a Roman general and politician who commanded Sulla's decisive victory at Colline gate, suppressed the slave revolt led by Spartacus and entered into a secret pact, known as the First Triumvirate, with Gnaeus Pompeius Magnu...
 
    Cicero, Roman Philosopher
  Cicero, Roman Philosopher
Marcus Tullius Cicero was a Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist, consul and constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the Roman equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome's greatest orator...
 
    Pompey, Rival of Julius Caesar
  Pompey, Rival of Julius Caesar
Pompey (the Great), was a distinguished and ambitious Roman military leader, provincial administrator and politician of the 1st century BC, the period of the Late Republic. Hailing from an Italian provincial background, Pompey first distinguished him...
 
    Cato the Younger, Roman Politician and Statesman
  Cato the Younger, Roman Politician and Statesman
Cato the Younger (Cato Minor) to distinguish him from his great-grandfather (Cato the Elder), was a politician and statesman in the late Roman Republic, and a follower of the Stoic philosophy. A noted orator, he is remembered for his stubbornness and...
 
    Brutus, Assassin of Caesar
  Brutus, Assassin of Caesar
Marcus Junius Brutus, often referred to simply as Brutus, was a politician of the late Roman Republic. He is best known in modern times for taking a leading role in the assassination conspiracy against Julius Caesar....
 
    Marc Antony, General of Julius Caesar
  Marc Antony, General of Julius Caesar
Marcus Antonius, commonly known in English as Mark Antony, was a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocratic Roman Empire. Antony was an important suppor...
 
    Vercingetorix, Gallic Warrior defied Rome
  Vercingetorix, Gallic Warrior defied Rome
Vercingetorix was the chieftain of the Arverni tribe known as the man who united the Gauls in an ultimately unsuccessful revolt against Roman forces during the last phase of Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars. Vercingetorix came to power in 52 BC, when he r...
 
    Cleopatra VII, the Last Pharaoh
  Cleopatra VII, the Last Pharaoh
Cleopatra was the last active pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt, briefly survived as pharaoh by her son Caesarion. After her reign, Egypt became a province of the recently established Roman Empire. Cleopatra was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, a famil...
 
    Augustus, (Octavius) 1st Roman Emperor
  Augustus, (Octavius) 1st Roman Emperor
Emperor Augustus of Rome was born with the given name Gaius Octavius on September 23, 63 B.C. He took the name Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (Octavian) in 44 B.C. after the murder of his great uncle, Julius Caesar. In his will Caesar had adopted Oct...
 
    Agrippa, Roman General
  Agrippa, Roman General
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was a powerful deputy of Augustus. He helped Octavian (later Augustus) take power after Julius Caesar's murder (44 BC), defeating Sextus Pompeius in 36 and Mark Antony at the Battle of Actium in 31. He went on to quell rebell...
 
    Juba II, King of Numidia and Mauretania
  Juba II, King of Numidia and Mauretania
Juba II or Juba II of Numidia (52/50 BC – AD 23) was a king of Numidia and then later moved to Mauretania. His first wife was Cleopatra Selene II, daughter of Greek Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman triumvir Mark Antony. Juba II was...
 
    Caesar’s Civil War, End Roman Republic
  Caesar’s Civil War, End Roman Republic
The Great Roman Civil War (49–45 BC), aka Caesar’s Civil War, was one of the last politico-military conflicts in the Roman Republic before the establishment of the Roman Empire. It began as a series of political and military confrontations, between J...
 
    Battle of Pharsalus, Julius Caesar defeats Pompey
  Battle of Pharsalus, Julius Caesar defeats Pompey
The Battle of Pharsalus was a decisive battle of Caesar's Civil War. On 9 August 48 BC at Pharsalus in central Greece, Gaius Julius Caesar and his allies formed up opposite the army of the republic under the command of Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus ("Pompey...
 
    The Julian Calendar
  The Julian Calendar
The Julian calendar was introduced by Julius Caesar in 45 BC. It was in common use until the 1500s, when countries started changing to the Gregorian Calendar. However, some countries (for example, Greece and Russia) used it into this century, and the...
 
    Battle of Philippi, Avenge Caesar's Murder
  Battle of Philippi, Avenge Caesar's Murder
he Battle of Philippi was the final battle in the Wars of the Second Triumvirate between the forces of Mark Antony and Octavian (the Second Triumvirate) against the forces of Julius Caesar's assassins Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus i...
 
    ROMAN PERIOD : Roman Emperors
  ROMAN PERIOD : Roman Emperors
The Roman Empire was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilisation, characterised by an autocratic form of government, headed by an Emperor, and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa, the Middle East...
 
    Suetonius, Roman Historian
  Suetonius, Roman Historian
Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, commonly known as Suetonius, was an equestrian and a historian during the Roman Empire. His most important surviving work is a set of biographies of twelve successive Roman rulers, from Julius Caesar until Domitian, entit...
 
    Shakespeare, England's National Poet
  Shakespeare, England's National Poet
William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His extant works,...
 
    Edward Gibbon, English Historian
  Edward Gibbon, English Historian
Edward Gibbon was an English historian and Member of Parliament. His most important work, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, was published in six volumes between 1776 and 1788. The Decline and Fall is known for the quality and i...
 
       
 
         
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