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Piet Mondrian was a Dutch painter and theoretician who is regarded as one of the greatest artists of the 20th century. He is known for being one of the pioneers of 20th century abstract art, as he changed his artistic direction from figurative painting to an increasingly abstract style, until he reached a point where his artistic vocabulary was reduced to simple geometric elements.

He was a contributor to the De Stijl art movement and group, which he co-founded with Theo van Doesburg. He evolved a non-representational form which he termed Neoplasticism. This was the new 'pure plastic art' which he believed was necessary in order to create 'universal beauty'. To express this, Mondrian eventually decided to limit his formal vocabulary to the three primary colors (red, blue and yellow), the three primary values (black, white and gray) and the two primary directions (horizontal and vertical). Mondrian's arrival in Paris from the Netherlands in 1911 marked the beginning of a period of profound change. He encountered experiments in Cubism and with the intent of integrating himself within the Parisian avant-garde removed an 'a' from the Dutch spelling of his name (Mondriaan).

Mondrian's work had an enormous influence on 20th century art, influencing not only the course of abstract painting and numerous major styles and art movements (e.g. Color Field painting, Abstract Expressionism and Minimalism), but also fields outside the domain of painting, such as design, architecture and fashion. Design historian Stephen Bayley said: 'Mondrian has come to mean Modernism. His name and his work sum up the High Modernist ideal. I donít like the word Ďiconicí, so letís say that heís become totemic Ė a totem for everything Modernism set out to be.
 
 
Piet Mondrian was a Dutch painter and theoretician who is regarded as one of the greatest artists of the 20th century. He is known for being one of the pioneers of 20th century abstract art, as he changed his artistic direction from figurative painting to an increasingly abstract style, until he reached a point where his artistic vocabulary was reduced to simple geometric elements.

He was a contributor to the De Stijl art movement and group, which he co-founded with Theo van Doesburg. He evolved a non-representational form which he termed Neoplasticism. This was the new 'pure plastic art' which he believed was necessary in order to create 'universal beauty'. To express this, Mondrian eventually decided to limit his formal vocabulary to the three primary colors (red, blue and yellow), the three primary values (black, white and gray) and the two primary directions (horizontal and vertical). Mondrian's arrival in Paris from the Netherlands in 1911 marked the beginning of a period of profound change. He encountered experiments in Cubism and with the intent of integrating himself within the Parisian avant-garde removed an 'a' from the Dutch spelling of his name (Mondriaan).

Mondrian's work had an enormous influence on 20th century art, influencing not only the course of abstract painting and numerous major styles and art movements (e.g. Color Field painting, Abstract Expressionism and Minimalism), but also fields outside the domain of painting, such as design, architecture and fashion. Design historian Stephen Bayley said: 'Mondrian has come to mean Modernism. His name and his work sum up the High Modernist ideal. I donít like the word Ďiconicí, so letís say that heís become totemic Ė a totem for everything Modernism set out to be. More...

 
    Theo van Doesburg, Founder De Stijl
  Theo van Doesburg, Founder De Stijl
Theo van Doesburg was a Dutch artist, practicing in painting, writing, poetry and architecture. He is best known as the founder and leader of De Stijl. Although he considered himself to be a modern painter at that time, his early work is in line with...
 
    Dudok, Dutch Modernist Architect
  Dudok, Dutch Modernist Architect
Willem Marinus Dudok was a Dutch modernist architect, best known for the brick Hilversum City Hall. Dudok became City Architect for the town of Hilversum in 1928 and designed and built about 75 houses, public buildings and entire neighborhoods there,...
 
    Gerrit Rietveld, Designer/Architect
  Gerrit Rietveld, Designer/Architect
In 1911, Rietveld started his own furniture factory, while studying architecture. Rietveld designed the 'Red and Blue Chair' in 1918, influenced by the 'De Stijl' movement, of which he became a member in 1919, the same year in which he became an arch...
 
    Alexander Calder, Painter, Sculpter
  Alexander Calder, Painter, Sculpter
Alexander "Sandy" Calder was an abstract painter and sculptor famous for working in wire and originating the dangling, moving artworks known as mobiles. Alexander Calder grew up in a family of artists, but he began his career by studying mechanical e...
 
    Mill in Sunlight, Mondrian
  Mill in Sunlight, Mondrian
1908, Oil on canvas, 114 x 87 cm, Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague. Until 1908 Mondrianís work was naturalistic - incorporating successive influences of academic landscape and still-life painting, Dutch Impressionism, and Symbolism. Mondrian's most pe...
 
    Composition Red Blue Yellow, Mondrian
  Composition Red Blue Yellow, Mondrian
The 20th century is distinguished in art history for one invention above all: abstraction. The Dutch artist Piet Mondrian (1872-1944) was a pioneer in this development. His reputation rests on about 250 abstract paintings dating from 1917 to 1944, a...
 
    Victory Boogie Woogie, Mondrian
  Victory Boogie Woogie, Mondrian
At the time of Mondrianís fairly sudden death in early 1944 at the age of seventy-two, Victory Boogie Woogie was still unfinished. The lozenge-shaped painting was covered with loosely attached bits of coloured paper and plastic which Mondrian was usi...
 
       
 
         
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