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On 9th November, at 18.57 hours, Günter Schabowski, head of the Berlin SED and an influential member of the outgoing Politburo, announced to bemused journalists that the Council of Ministers had just decided to allow East Germans to move freely into West Germany. And he added that the measure was to take effect " immediately ". The news spread like wildfire throughout the city and the country. In the following hours, East German citizens in their thousands flocked to the crossing points between the two Berlins. Not having received precise instructions, the guards let them through. After 10 315 days in existence, the Wall had virtually come down, even though it would take another few months to remove it physically. The blows from picks at the Wall, the symbol of the division of Europe into two contending blocs, heralded the final collapse of communism which took place two years later with the break-up of the Soviet Union.

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On 9th November, at 18.57 hours, Günter Schabowski, head of the Berlin SED and an influential member of the outgoing Politburo, announced to bemused journalists that the Council of Ministers had just decided to allow East Germans to move freely into West Germany. And he added that the measure was to take effect " immediately ". The news spread like wildfire throughout the city and the country. In the following hours, East German citizens in their thousands flocked to the crossing points between the two Berlins. Not having received precise instructions, the guards let them through. After 10 315 days in existence, the Wall had virtually come down, even though it would take another few months to remove it physically. The blows from picks at the Wall, the symbol of the division of Europe into two contending blocs, heralded the final collapse of communism which took place two years later with the break-up of the Soviet Union. More...

 
    Mikhail Gorbachev, End of the Soviet Union
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Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, was leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991. His attempts at reform led to the end of the Cold War, but also inadvertently caused the end of the political supremacy of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CP...
 
       
 
         
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