HomeAboutLoginWidgets
       
 

Timeline

   

The Rosetta Stone, Found in 1799

 
 

    The Rosetta Stone, Found in 1799  new window
The Rosetta Stone, a black basalt slab bearing an inscription that was the key to the deciphering of Egyptian hieroglyphics and thus to the foundation of modern Egyptology. It was unearthed in July 1799 by Napoleon's army in Rosetta (Rashid), Egypt. Its measurements are - 3ft 9in, long and 2ft. 41/2 in wide - (114x72x28cm). The immediate importance of the Rosetta Stone lay in the fact that the Egyptian hieroglyphic text was accompanied by the Greek translation which could be read. A third inscription on the stone was written in Demotic, a cursive script developed late in Egyptian history and used almost exclusively for secular documents. Thus the stone displayed the same text in three scripts, but only two languages, Egyptian and Greek. It was quickly discovered that all three contained the same message. The Greek could be translated immediately, so providing clues to the others. The Rosetta stone is dated to March 196 BC, in the 9th year of Ptolemy V. The background to the setting up of the stela was the confirmation of the control of the Ptolemaic kings over Egypt. The Ptolemies were Greeks who had been ruling Egypt since the fragmentation of the Empire of Alexander the Great, and while they built temples in the Egyptian style, their lifestyle and language remained exclusively Greek. Egypt had by now become a multi-cultural society, a mixture of Greek and Egyptian, although in many parts of the country the two rarely met.

More on this Website  >  new window
• http://www.crystalinks.com/rosetta.html

Related LinksAdd URL  >  new window

 
 
The Rosetta Stone, a black basalt slab bearing an inscription that was the key to the deciphering of Egyptian hieroglyphics and thus to the foundation of modern Egyptology. It was unearthed in July 1799 by Napoleon's army in Rosetta (Rashid), Egypt. Its measurements are - 3ft 9in, long and 2ft. 41/2 in wide - (114x72x28cm). The immediate importance of the Rosetta Stone lay in the fact that the Egyptian hieroglyphic text was accompanied by the Greek translation which could be read. A third inscription on the stone was written in Demotic, a cursive script developed late in Egyptian history and used almost exclusively for secular documents. Thus the stone displayed the same text in three scripts, but only two languages, Egyptian and Greek. It was quickly discovered that all three contained the same message. The Greek could be translated immediately, so providing clues to the others. The Rosetta stone is dated to March 196 BC, in the 9th year of Ptolemy V. The background to the setting up of the stela was the confirmation of the control of the Ptolemaic kings over Egypt. The Ptolemies were Greeks who had been ruling Egypt since the fragmentation of the Empire of Alexander the Great, and while they built temples in the Egyptian style, their lifestyle and language remained exclusively Greek. Egypt had by now become a multi-cultural society, a mixture of Greek and Egyptian, although in many parts of the country the two rarely met. More new window

 
    Behistun Inscription, Darius I
  Behistun Inscription, Darius I
The Behistun Inscription is to cuneiform what the Rosetta Stone is to Egyptian hieroglyphs: the document most crucial in the decipherment of a previously lost script. It is located in the Kermanshah Province of Iran. The inscription includes three ve...
 
    Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 5th Ruler Ptolemaic Dynasty
  Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 5th Ruler Ptolemaic Dynasty
Ptolemy V Epiphanes (reigned 204181 BC), son of Ptolemy IV Philopator and Arsinoe III of Egypt, was the fifth ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty. He became ruler at the age of five, and under a series of regents the kingdom was paralyzed. The Rosetta St...
 
    Napoleon Bonaparte
  Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoléon Bonaparte was general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul of the French Republic from 11 November 1799 to 18 May 1804, Emperor of the French under the name Napoléon I from 18 May 1804 to 6 April 1814, and was b...
 
    Champollion, Deciphering Hieroglyphics
  Champollion, Deciphering Hieroglyphics
Anyone who has studied ancient Egypt will be familiar with Jean Francois Champollion, The Father of Egyptology. He was, after all, credited with deciphering hieroglyphics from the Rosetta Stone and thus giving scholars the key to understanding hierog...
 
    Zahi Hawass, Egyptologist
  Zahi Hawass, Egyptologist
Zahi Hawass is an Egyptian archaeologist, an Egyptologist and the current Secretary General of the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities. He has also worked at archaeological sites in the Nile Delta, the Western Desert, and the Upper Nile Valley. H...
 
 

Timeline

   

The Rosetta Stone, Found in 1799

 
         



 
 
         
          © 2012, TimelineIndex.com